الأمين العام — رسالة بالفيديو بمناسبة يوم حقوق الإنسان (الموضوع: الشباب يدافعون عن حقوق الإنسان)

10 كانون الأول/ديسمبر 2019

         نحتفل هذا العام، في يوم حقوق الإنسان، بدور الشباب في إحياء حقوق الإنسان.

         فالعالم كله يشهد حاليا الشباب وهم يحتشدون في مسيرات وينظمون أنفسهم مُطالِبين جَهارا:

         بالحق في بيئة صحية …

         بحقوق متساوية للنساء والفتيات …

               بالمشاركة في صنع القرار…

               بالتعبير عن آرائهم بحرية …

               إنهم يسعون محتشدين من أجل حقهم في مستقبل يعمُّه السلام والعدل وتكافؤ الفرص.

               فمن حق كل شخص أن يتمتع بجميع الحقوق: المدنية والسياسية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية والثقافية. بصرف النظر عن المكان الذي يعيش فيه. بصرف النظر عن العنصر أو العرق أو الدين أو الأصل الاجتماعي أو الجنس أو الميل الجنسي أو الرأي السياسي أو غيره من الآراء أو الإعاقة أو الدخل أو أي وضع آخر.

               في هذا اليوم الدولي، أدعو الجميع إلى دعم وحماية الشباب الذين يدافعون حاليا عن حقوق الإنسان.

THE SECRETARY-GENERAL — MESSAGE ON HUMAN RIGHTS DAY (THEME: YOUTH STANDING UP FOR HUMAN RIGHTS)

10 December 2019

This year, on Human Rights Day, we celebrate the role of young people in bringing human rights to life.

Globally, young people are marching, organizing, and speaking out:

For the right to a healthy environment…

For the equal rights of women and girls…

To participate in decision-making…

And to express their opinions freely…

They are marching for their right to a future of peace, justice and equal opportunities.

Every single person is entitled to all rights: civil, political, economic, social and cultural. Regardless of where they live. Regardless of race, ethnicity, religion, social origin, gender, sexual orientation, political or other opinion, disability or income, or any other status.

On this International Day, I call on everyone to support and protect young people who are standing up for human rights.

Human Rights Day – Statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet

10 December 2019

GENEVA (9 December 2019) – This has been a year of tremendous activism – notably by young people. It is particularly fitting that this year we mark Human Rights Day during the crucial UN conference in Madrid to uphold climate justice. We owe a debt of gratitude to all those millions of children, teenagers and young adults who have been standing up and speaking out more and more loudly about the crisis facing our planet.

Rightly, these young people are pointing out that it is their future which is at stake, and the future of all those who have not yet even been born. It is they who will have to bear the full consequences of the actions, or lack of action, by the older generations who currently run governments and businesses, the decision-makers on whom the future of individual countries, regions and the planet as whole depends.

It cannot, of course, be left to young people alone to tackle the climate emergency, or indeed the many other human rights crises that are currently causing simultaneous turbulence in so many countries across the world. All of us must stand together, in solidarity, and act with principle and urgency.

We can, and must, uphold the painstakingly developed universal human rights principles that sustain peace, justice and sustainable development. A world with diminished human rights is a world that is stepping backwards into a darker past, when the powerful could prey on the powerless with little or no moral or legal restraint.

However, among the many human rights challenges that have been metastasizing during the first two decades of the 21st century, the global climate emergency presents perhaps the most profound planet-wide threat to human rights that we have seen since World War II. From the right to life, to health, to food, water and shelter, to our rights to be free of discrimination, to development and to self-determination, its impacts are already making themselves felt.

We have a duty to ensure young people’s voices are heard. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly on 10 December 1948, was a firm commitment by States to protect the rights of everyone – and that includes making it possible for future generations to uphold human dignity, equality and rights.

All human beings have a right to participate in decisions that have impact on their lives. In order to ensure more effective decision-making, and to build greater trust and harmony across their nations, the leaders of every society should be listening to their people – and acting in accordance with their needs and demands.

Nothing summarizes these aims, the leitmotif of the international human rights system, more clearly and succinctly than Article 1 of the Universal Declaration, which states boldly and unequivocally that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”

No country, no community, will be spared by the climate emergency, as it intensifies. Already, we are seeing the most vulnerable communities and nations suffering terrible damage. People are losing homes, livelihoods – and lives. Inequalities are deepening, and more people are being forced into displacement. We must act quickly, and with principle, to ensure the least possible harm is done to human beings, and to our environment.

Climate harms will not be halted by national borders – and reactions based on hostile nationalism, or short-term financial considerations, will not only fail: they will tear our world apart. The struggles for climate justice and human rights are not a political quarrel. This is not about left or right: it is about rights – and wrongs.

It is not just concerns about the accelerating climate crisis that have driven millions to stand up and demand action. In every region, people are finding their voice to speak up about inequalities and repressive institutions. I am inspired by the courage, clarity and principle of all these people, some of them very young indeed, who are standing up peacefully, in order to right the wrongs of our era and create greater freedom and justice. They are the living expression of human rights.

Policy-makers everywhere need to listen to these calls. And in response, they need to shape more effective, and more principled, policies.

We have a right to live free from discrimination on any grounds. We have a right to access education, health-care, economic opportunities and a decent standard of living. We – all of us – have a right to participate in decisions that affect our lives. This is about our future, our livelihoods, our freedoms, our security and our environment. And not just our future, but the future of our children, grand-children and great grand-children.

We need to mobilise across the world – peacefully and powerfully – to advance a world of rights, dignity and choice for everyone. The decision-makers understood that vision very clearly in 1948. Do they understand it now? I urge world leaders to show true leadership and long-term vision and set aside narrow national political interests for the sake of everyone, including themselves and all their descendants.

ENDS

For the Statement in Arabic, please go to:

https://www.ohchr.org/ar/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25403&LangID=a 

For the Statement in Chinese, please go to:

https://www.ohchr.org/CH/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25403&LangID=C 

For the Statement in Russian, please go to:

https://www.ohchr.org/RU/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25403&LangID=R

For the Statement in Spanish, please go to:

https://www.ohchr.org/sp/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25403&LangID=s

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the UN General Assembly at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris three years after the end of World War II. It was the product of 18 months’ work by a drafting committee, with members and advisers from all across the world.

For more information, please contact Rupert Colville : + 41 22 917 9767 / rcolville@ohchr.org or Jeremy Laurence: + 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org

Tag and share – Twitter: @UNHumanRights and Facebook and Instagram: unitednationshumanrights

 

THE SECRETARY-GENERAL — MESSAGE ON INTERNATIONAL ANTI-CORRUPTION DAY

9 December 2019

Every year, trillions of dollars – the equivalent of more than five percent of global Gross Domestic Product – are paid in bribes or stolen through corrupt practices that seriously undermine the rule of law and abet crimes such as the illicit trafficking of people, drugs and arms.

Tax evasion, money laundering and other illicit flows divert much-needed resources from schools, hospitals and essential infrastructure; funds that are essential to advancing the Sustainable Development Goals.

People are right to be angry. Corruption threatens the well-being of our societies, the future of our children and the health of our planet. It must be fought by all, for all.

And as in their mobilization for ambitious climate action and a fair globalization, it is inspiring to see young people demanding accountability and justice as a way to address and eradicate corrupt practices.

We must unite against corruption to stop the drain on resources caused by illicit financial flows. The United Nations Convention against Corruption, ratified by nearly every country in the world, gives us the means to strengthen our commitment to addressing this issue.

Later this month, Governments will meet in Abu Dhabi to review progress and prepare for the first-ever General Assembly Special Session on combatting corruption, which will take place in 2021. I call on them to take decisive action to make the fight against corruption a top priority.

On this International Day, I urge people everywhere to continue to work on innovative solutions to win the battle against corruption and to ensure that precious resources serve the peoples of the world.

the Secretary-General — MESSAGE ON THE INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

3 December 2019 

When we secure the rights of people with disabilities, we move closer to achieving the central promise of the 2030 Agenda – to leave no one behind.

While we still have much to do, we have seen important progress in building an inclusive world for all.

Almost all United Nations Member States have ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and I urge those who have not yet done so to ratify it without delay.

In June, I launched the United Nations Disability Inclusion Strategy, to raise our standards and performance on disability inclusion, across all areas of our work and around the world.

And for the first time, the Security Council adopted its first-ever resolution dedicated to the protection of persons with disabilities in armed conflict.

We are determined to lead by example.

On this International Day, I reaffirm the commitment of the United Nations to work with people with disabilities to build a sustainable, inclusive and transformative future in which everyone, including women, men, girls and boys with disabilities, can realize their potential.

Thank you.

THE SECRETARY-GENERAL REMARKS TO 25TH CONFERENCE OF PARTIES TO THE UNITED NATIONS CLIMATE CHANGE CONVENTION

Madrid, 2 December 2019

Excellencies,

Honourable guests,

Delegates,

All protocol observed,

Quiero agradecer a los gobiernos de Chile y de España por haber trabajado juntos en un espíritu de multilateralismo inclusivo para tornar a esta COP25 posible y felicitarlos por la impecable organización conseguida en un tan corto espacio de tiempo. Felicitaciones y muchas gracias.

Such solidarity and flexibility are what we need in the race to beat the climate emergency.

We stand at a critical juncture in our collective efforts to limit dangerous global heating.

By the end of the coming decade we will be on one of two paths.

One is the path of surrender, where we have sleepwalked past the point of no return, jeopardizing the health and safety of everyone on this planet.

Do we really want to be remembered as the generation that buried its head in the sand, that fiddled while the planet burned?

The other option is the path of hope.

A path of resolve, of sustainable solutions.

A path where more fossil fuels remain where they should be – in the ground – and where we are on the way to carbon neutrality by 2050.

That is the only way to limit global temperature rise to the necessary 1.5 degrees by the end of this century.

The best available science, through the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change tells us today that going beyond that would lead us to catastrophic disaster.

Millions throughout the world – especially young people – are calling on leaders from all sectors to do more, much more, to address the climate emergency we face.

They know we need to get on the right path today, not tomorrow.

That means important decisions must be made now.

COP25 is our opportunity.

Dear Delegates,

Before I focus on what we need to do at this session, let me step back to give a sense of perspective to our deliberations.

The latest, just-released data from the World Meteorological Organization show that levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have reached another new record high.

Global average levels of carbon dioxide reached 407.8 parts per million in 2018.

And I remember, not long ago, 400 parts per million was seen as an unthinkable tipping point. We are well over it.

The last time there was a comparable concentration of CO2 was between 3 and 5 million years ago, when the temperature was between 2 and 3 degrees Celsius warmer than now and sea levels were 10 to 20 metres higher than today.

The signs are unmissable.

The last five years have been the hottest ever recorded.

The consequences are already making themselves felt in the form of more extreme weather events and associated disasters, from hurricanes to drought to floods to wildfires.

Ice caps are melting. In Greenland alone, 179 billion tonnes of ice melted in July.

Permafrost in the Arctic is thawing 70 years ahead of projections.

Antarctica is melting three times as fast as a decade ago.

Ocean levels are rising quicker than expected, putting some of our biggest and most economically important cities at risk.

More than two-thirds of the world’s megacities are located by the sea.

And while the oceans are rising, they are also being poisoned.

Oceans absorb more than a quarter of all CO2 in the atmosphere and generate more than half our oxygen.

Absorbing more and more carbon dioxide acidifies the oceans and threatens all life within them.

Three major reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – on land, on the oceans and cryosphere, and on the 1.5 degree Celsius climate goal – each confirm that we are knowingly destroying the very support systems keeping us alive.

And indeed, we are.

In several regions of the world, coal power plants continue to be planned and built in large numbers.

Either we stop this addiction to coal or all our efforts to tackle climate change will be doomed.

And, as the UN Environment Programme has just revealed, countries are planning to produce fossil fuels over the next decade at over double the level that is consistent with keeping temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

And the fossil fuel industry is not alone.

From agriculture to transportation, from urban planning and construction to cement, steel and other carbon-intensive industries, we are far from a sustainable path.

We see some incremental steps towards sustainable business models, but nowhere near the scope and scale required.

What we need is not an incremental approach, but a transformational one.

We need a rapid and deep change in the way we do business, how we generate power, how we build cities, how we move, and how we feed the world.

If we don’t urgently change our way of life, we jeopardize life itself.

For the past year, I have been saying we need to make progress on carbon pricing, shift taxation from income to carbon, ensure no new coal plants are built after 2020, and end the allocation of taxpayers’ money for perverse fossil fuel subsidies.

We must also ensure that the transition to a green economy is a just transition – one that recognizes the need to care for the future of negatively impacted workers, in terms of new jobs, lifelong education, and social safety nets.

If we want change, we must be that change.

Choosing the path of hope is not the job of one person, one industry or one government alone.

We are all in this together.

The road map established by the scientific community is clear.

To limit global temperature rise to the necessary 1.5 degrees by the end of this century, we must reduce emissions by 45 per cent from 2010 levels by 2030, and we must achieve climate neutrality by 2050.

Ten years ago, if countries had acted on the science available, they would have needed to reduce emissions by 3.3 per cent each year. We didn’t.

Today, we need to reduce emissions by 7.6 per cent each year to reach our goals.

So, it is imperative that governments not only honour their national contributions under the Paris Agreement, they need to substantially increase their ambitions.

And even if the Paris commitments are fully met, it would not be enough. But unfortunately, many countries are not even doing that. And the results are there to be seen.

According to the latest Emissions Gap Report from the UN Environment Programme, greenhouse gas emissions have risen 1.5 per cent a year over the last decade.

At current trends, we are looking at global heating of between 3.4 and 3.9 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.

The impact on all life on the planet – including ours – will be catastrophic.

The only solution is rapid, ambitious, transformative action by all – governments, regions, cities, businesses and civil society, all working together towards a common goal.

That was the purpose of the Climate Action Summit I convened in September.

And in many ways it was encouraging.

Small island nations and least developed countries, major cities and regional economies all came with initiatives, as did a sizable representation from the private and financial sectors.

Some 70 countries announced their intention to submit enhanced national contributions in 2020, with 65 countries and major subnational economies committing to work for net zero emissions by 2050.

I am pleased to see governments and investors backing away from fossil fuels.

A recent example is the European Investment Bank, which has announced it will stop funding fossil fuel projects by the end of 2021.

But we are still waiting for transformative movement from most G20 countries, which represent more than three-quarters of global emissions.

My new report on the Summit sets out what needs to be done going forward.

Primarily, all the main emitters must do more.

This means enhancing national determined contributions in 2020 under the Paris Agreement, presenting a carbon neutrality strategy for 2050, and embarking on the decarbonization
of key sectors, particularly energy, industry, construction, and transport.

Without the full engagement of the big emitters all our efforts will be completely undermined.

A green economy is not one to be feared but an opportunity to be embraced, one that can advance our efforts to achieve all the Sustainable Development Goals.

But what frustrates me is the slow pace of change, especially given that most of the tools and technologies we need are already available.

So, my call to you all today is to increase your ambition and urgency.

Dear Delegates,

You are here at COP25 to reach progress on key items – namely, achieving success on Article Six and continuing to boost ambition in preparation for new and revised national climate action plans due next year.

Article Six was the outstanding issue not resolved at COP24 in Katowice.

To put a price on carbon is vital if we are to have any chance of limiting global temperature rise and avoiding runaway climate change.

Operationalizing Article Six will help get markets up and running, mobilize the private sector, and ensure that the rules are the same for everyone.

Failure to operationalize Article Six risks fragmenting the carbon markets and sends a negative message that can undermine our overall climate efforts.

I urge all Parties to overcome their current divisions and to find common understanding on this issue.

The COP will also advance work related to capacity-building, deforestation, indigenous peoples, cities, finance, technology, gender and more.

And it must complete several technical matters to achieve the full operationalization of the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement.

The tasks are many, our timelines are tight, and every item is important.

It is imperative to complete our work and we have no time to spare.

But as important as the successful conclusion of the negotiations, the COP25 must convey to the world a firm determination to change course.

We must finally demonstrate that we are serious in our commitment to stop the war against nature – that we have the political will to reach carbon neutrality by 2050.

I expect all governments will be able to commit now to review during this next year – on the way to COP26 in Glasgow – their nationally determined contributions with the necessary ambition to defeat the climate emergency. Ambition in mitigation, ambition in adaptation, and ambition in finance.

And let us not forget, we should ensure that at least $100 billion US dollars a year are available to developing countries for mitigation and adaptation and take into account their legitimate expectations to have the resources necessary to build resilience and for disaster response and recovery.

Dear Delegates,

The decisions we make here will ultimately define whether we choose a path of hope, or a path of surrender.

Remember: we made a commitment to the people of the world through the Paris Agreement.

It was a solemn promise.

Let us open our ears to the multitudes who are demanding change.

Let us open our eyes to the imminent threat facing us all.

Let us open our minds to the unanimity of the science.

There is no time and no reason to delay.

We have the tools, we have the science, we have the resources.

Let us show we also have the political will that people demand from us.

To do anything less will be a betrayal of our entire human family and all the generations to come.

Thank you.

بيان صادر عن المبعوث الخاص إلى اليمن بشأن إطلاق سراح محتجزين يمنيين

28 نوفبمر 2019

يرحب المبعوث الخاص إلى اليمن، مارتن غريفيث، بمبادرة المملكة العربية السعودية أحادية الجانب لإطلاق سراح 128 محتجزًا يمنيًا.

وقال جريفيث: “أنا ممتن للمملكة العربية السعودية لاتخاذها تلك الخطوة التي تثبت، مع غيرها من إجراءات التهدئة، حسن نية الأطراف المعنية واهتمامهم بتوفير بيئة مواتية لبناء السلام. وأشكر اللجنة الدولية للصليب الأحمر على جهودها في تسهيل هذه العملية.”

كما حث المبعوث الأممي جميع الأطراف على الاستمرار في العمل نحو الإيفاء بالتزاماتهم في إطلاق سراح كافة المحتجزين على خلفية الصراع طبقًا لاتفاقية استوكهولم.

وأضاف غريفيث: “أكرر دعوتي لجميع الأطراف للعمل مع مكتبي ومع اللجنة الدولية للصليب الأحمر على مبادرات مستقبلية لتبادل المحتجزين لتخفيف المعاناة الشديدة لعائلات المحتجزين الذين ينتظرون عودة ذويهم.”

Note to Correspondents Statement by the Special Envoy on the release of Yemeni detainees

 

The Special Envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, welcomes the unilateral release of 128 Yemeni detainees by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

“I am grateful to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for this move. This, together with other measures to de-escalate violence are proof of the parties’ good will and interest to provide a conducive environment for peace-making. I am thankful for the efforts of the International Committee of the Red Cross in facilitating this process,” Mr. Griffiths said.

The Special Envoy urged the parties to continue working towards fulfilling their commitment to release all conflict-related detainees as per the Stockholm agreement.

“I reiterate my invitation to the parties to work with my office and the International Committee of the Red Cross on the future exchange of detainees in order to alleviate the abject suffering of the families waiting to be reunited with their loved ones,” he said.

 

THE DEPUTY SECRETARY-GENERAL — REMARKS AT UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND (UNFPA) RECEPTION

Nairobi, Kenya, 11 November 2019

Excellencies,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I am pleased to be with you this evening.

We are all here to mark the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the landmark Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994.

The vision was and remains clear: to empower women and girls to their right to claim their independence, health and well-being for the long-term benefit of their families, communities and nations.

We have made significant gains since then thanks to the commitment and sacrifice of millions of activities, women and girls. Sadly as we take stock, this progress is fragile, and millions are still left behind.

We urgently need to pick up the pace to implement the Programme of Action and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

This is essential as we enter the Decade of Action to deliver on the SDGs.

The world is still a difficult, and often dangerous, place for hundreds of millions of women and girls. To make it even more complex, leaders across constituencies are reneging the promise of Cairo, the promise to secure a just future for our youth especially our girls.

Every day represents tragedy for women who die giving life, for girls forced into child marriage, for girls whose genitals are cut and for the nearly 1 in 5 women or girls who are assaulted or lose their lives at the hands of a partner or family member each year.

It is a travesty that 5 million pregnant women displaced by conflict or disaster are in need of medical care, and that 232 million women cannot prevent pregnancy because they do not have access to the contraceptives they need and have a right to.

This Summit is a unique opportunity to help lift up women and girls, their families and communities, and create a better world with rights and choices for all.

In this current age of urbanization, increased migration, population growth and an ageing population, the Programme of Action has never been more relevant.

We urgently need to mobilize political and financial momentum to advance the ICPD agenda, particularly around harnessing the demographic dividend, reducing preventable maternal and child mortality and the unmet need for family planning, and eliminating violence and harmful practices against women and girls.

UNFPA, through its leadership and operational work, has been instrumental in expanding access to sexual and reproductive health care; in preventing and responding to gender-based violence; in tackling female genital mutilation and early marriage; and in empowering young people.

But we need coordinated support and action from the entire UN development system to deliver on the promise of the ICPD – to live to see the “last mile” for Child marriage and Female genital mutilation. We can do it, and statistics show it.

On the ground, United Nations Resident Coordinators, with UNFPA’s support, are providing leadership to convene all stakeholders, and engage in this important process that is recognized as a key accelerator for the SDGs.

So, as we enter a Decade of Action for the delivery of the SDGs, let us seize this opportunity to build momentum and firmly integrate gender equality, women’s empowerment and women’s rights at the heart of our efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda.

A sustainable future will only be possible when the promise made to millions of women and girls 25 years ago is fulfilled.

I count on each one of you – individually or collectively – to join us in this journey towards:

  • Keeping the promise
  • Protecting the future of our girls
  • Empowering our women

Thank you.

THE DEPUTY SECRETARY-GENERAL — REMARKS AT THE “FOOD FOR EDUCATION” SCHOOL VISIT

Nairobi, 11 November 2019

Good afternoon

I am really pleased to be here today at the Ruiru Primary School to celebrate and experience innovation, partnership and entrepreneurship.

I am here because all of you have worked together to find a solution for people and for planet.

Wawira, Tap2Eat and it’s partners are an example of putting people first—in this case young people—including the children at this school.

We know that when children are hungry there is no stomach for learning.

Stunting and wasting affects more than 200 million children in this world—making it nearly impossible for a child to survive and focus on learning in school—let alone thrive.

Reversing this trend has not been easy.

We need the tried and true ways of working.

And we need the disruptors like Wawira Njiru who push us outside the box.

Tap2Eat — Food for Education has leveraged incredible knowledge across many sectors, exactly in the spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals and the associated plan of action of the International Conference on People and Development.

As these young students are learning—cooperation is key.

Our lives are interlinked, and our solutions must be too. This social enterprise collaboration is exactly in the spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals.

Together you are tackling a multitude of the Global Goal.

SDG 1 No poverty,

SDG 2 Zero hunger,

SDG 3 Good health,

SDG 4 Quality education,

As well as the Goals on innovation, growth, protecting the planet and partnerships.

By my count altogether at least 9 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

So why does this matter?

You are at the right place, at the right time, for the right people, with the right approach.

We have a decade of action to deliver the SDGs, and that means we need to scale up – to increase access and opportunities for more people especially children.

Tap to eat — Food4Education is using technology to reach exponentially more children. Now about 10 000 a day in Kenya.

By tapping one of these orange bands — you are reaffirming a virtuous farm to school-desk circle that includes work for nearby farmers, engaging cooks and ensuring children have the food and nutrients they need to focus on learning and have energy to play.

And remember, who you feed today will lift someone out of poverty tomorrow and also help transform our world. Stunted growth costs Africa US$ 25 billion a year, a figure we can ill-afford.

I can see the students have been very patient and I want to answer their questions.

So, let me end by saying we need more young African social entrepreneurs as you know what communities need and how to reach them.

And equally we need more amazing partners like UN entities, Global Citizen, Ideo, the government of Kenya and Cisco to name just a few—to invest in their ideas.

We won’t reach the Global Goals without all of you—as part of our shared Decade of Action.