للمرة الثانية.. غرق مهاجرين أفارقة بعد إجبارهم على القفز من القوارب قبالة سواحل اليمن

2017/8/10

قالت المنظمة الدولية للهجرة اليوم الخميس إن المهربين في بحر العرب قد أجبروا ما يصل إلى 160 مهاجرا أفريقيا على مغادرة قارب قبالة سواحل اليمن، وإنه قد تم انتشال ست جثث حتى الآن فيما يظل 13 شخصا في عداد المفقودين. 

يأتي هذا الحادث الأخير بعد مرور يوم واحد فقط على قيام المهربين بإجبار أكثر من 120 مهاجرا صوماليا وإثيوبيا على القفز في البحر بالقرب من ساحل محافظة شبوة في اليمن، مما أدى إلى غرق نحو 50 مهاجرا أمس.

أوليفيا هايدن، المتحدثة باسم المنظمة الدولية للهجرة، قالت في حوار مع أخبار الأمم المتحدة إن موظفي المنظمة عثروا، بعد فترة وجيزة من وقوع المأساة، على مقابر ضحلة لـ 29 مهاجرا على شاطئ شبوة خلال دورية روتينية.

وأضافت محذرة من أن ذلك قد ينبئ باتجاه جديد من قبل المهربين:

“مع حادث اليوم، الذي يأتي بعد يوم واحد من حادث الأمس حيث أجبر أكثر من مائة شخص على القفز من قارب قبالة ساحل نفس المحافظة في اليمن، يبدو أننا قد نرى اتجاها يتجاهل فيه المهربون حياة الإنسان ويبدون رغبتهم في حماية أعمالهم، عبر إجبار الناس على القفز من القارب قبل أن يصلوا إلى الشاطئ.”

وأشارت هايدن إلى أن الناجين من أعمال المهربين القاتلة قد قاموا بدفن الموتى على وجه السرعة، وأن المنظمة تعمل بشكل وثيق مع اللجنة الدولية للصليب الأحمر لضمان توفير ما يلزم لجثث المهاجرين المتوفين.

كما وفرت المنظمة الدولية للهجرة فحوصا طبية أولية ومساعدات للناجين، بما في ذلك الغذاء والمياه، فيما غادر بعض الناجين الشاطئ قبل أن يحصلوا على المساعدة.

وتقدر المنظمة الدولية للهجرة أن حوالي 55 ألف مهاجر غادروا القرن الأفريقي قاصدين اليمن منذ بداية العام، معظمهم بهدف إيجاد فرص أفضل في دول الخليج.

 

“اليوم وأمس كان متوسط عمر المهاجرين 16 عاما، من الرجال والنساء. إن بطالة الشباب عالية جدا في أوطانهم، إثيوبيا والصومال، ولا يرون الكثير من الفرص لمستقبلهم. ويتم تسويق هذه الفكرة الكاذبة من قبل المهربين بأن المكان الذي يمكنهم الذهاب إليه، في هذه الحالة دول الخليج، به كل هذه الفرص التي لا تتاح لهم في أوطانهم.”

160 Ethiopian Migrants Forced into the Seas off Yemen by Smugglers Today, Following Death of Up to 50 Yesterday

10 August 2017 – Aden

160 Ethiopian migrants were violently forced into the sea off Yemen’s coast this morning (10/08). This comes one day after the presumed death of 50 Ethiopian and Somali migrants during a similar incident. As with yesterday, this tragedy took place off the coast of Shabwa, a Yemeni Governorate along the Arabian Sea – although in a different location and closer to the shore.

Staff from IOM, the UN Migration Agency, found six bodies on the beach – two male and four female. An additional 13 Ethiopian migrants are still missing (unaccounted for). IOM provided emergency medical assistance to 57 migrants today. IOM also provided food, water and other emergency relief assistance to the surviving migrants. 84 migrants (in addition to the 57) left the beach before IOM arrived.

Every year, thousands of migrants risk their lives on this life-threatening route towards the Gulf countries through Yemen, a country in crisis. The journey and the situation in Yemen is extremely dangerous for migrants. The psychological effect these experiences have on children can be enormous. This is why IOM has embedded psychologists embedded in their patrolling teams on Yemen’s beaches. The deadly actions of the smugglers today bring the total number of presumed dead over the last two day close to 70. More information on yesterday’s incident can be found in our previous release:http://www.iom.int/news/50-somali-ethiopian-migrants-deliberately-drowned-smugglers-yemen-0. IOM is aware of 114 dead or missing in 2017 off the coast of Yemen (Gulf of Aden and in the Red Sea en route to Yemen) and 109 in 2016. The actual total is likely to be higher.

Survivors from both incidents described their journey with the smugglers to IOM: Throughout the journey, migrants had been brutally treated by the smugglers. They were forced to squat down for the entirety of the trip from Ambah Shore in Somalia, which sometimes takes between 24-36 hours, so that the smugglers could increase the number of people in the boat. The migrants were not allowed to move inside the boat. They were not allowed a private or separate space to use the bathroom and had to urinate on themselves. In some cases, the smugglers tied their hands so if something did happen, they would not be able to run or swim or save their lives. If one of the migrants accidentally moved, he would be beaten or even killed. The migrants were not allowed to take enough food or water on the journey to fulfill their basic needs. They were only allowed to take one to two litres of water and one small meal. They also faced many dangerous during the journey in the windy season.

Migrant survivors from other smuggling journeys have told IOM that usually smuggler networks coordinate when migrants arrive in Yemen so that they would have a pick up location. Some migrants who are able to pay extra money are taken by car to unknown destinations. Others, who do not have money, walk for long distances, without knowing where they are headed.

“Recently, smugglers have been pushing migrants out of the boats, fearing that the security forces might arrest them. This is what happened the past two days in Shabowa,” said Lina Koussa, IOM’s Emergency Response Officer in Aden.

“We condemn the acts of smugglers off the coast of Yemen – 120 Somali and Ethiopian migrants were forced from a boat yesterday, and another 160 today, the death toll is still unknown,” said William Lacy Swing, IOM Director General.

“The utter disregard for human life by these smugglers, and all human smugglers worldwide, is nothing less than immoral. What is a teenager’s life worth? On this route to the Gulf countries, it can be as little as 100 USD. There is something fundamentally wrong with this world if countless numbers of children can be deliberately and ruthlessly drowned in the ocean, when they are no longer an easy source of income, and nothing is done to stop it from ever happening again,” continued DG Swing.

“It should never have happened in the first place. We should not have to wait for tragedies like these to show us that international cooperation must be enhanced to fight human smuggling – not just through policy but through real action along these smuggling routes. This is a busy and extremely dangerous smuggling route. Yemen is suffering one of today’s most dire humanitarian crises. Countries experiencing conflict or crisis like Yemen need greater support to reinforce law enforcement and humanitarian border management with the aim of protecting vulnerable migrants like these 16 year old kids. My thoughts are with their families and loved ones in Ethiopia and Somalia. I am making a promise to them that IOM will not forget them and will continue to fight to protect the rights and dignity of future generations of migrants,” concluded DG Swing.

For more information, please contact Olivia Headon at IOM HQ in Geneva, Tel: +41794035365, Email: oheadon@iom.int

SECRETARY-GENERAL APPOINTS ALISON SMALE OF UNITED KINGDOM UNDER-SECRETARY-GENERAL FOR GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has appointed Alison Smale of the United Kingdom as the next Under-Secretary-General for Global Communications, United Nations Department of Public Information. She succeeds Cristina Gallach of Spain to whom the Secretary-General is grateful for her commitment and dedicated service to the Organization. The Secretary-General also wishes to extend his appreciation to Maher Nasser who served as Acting Under-Secretary-General for Global Communications.

Chief of Bureau of The New York Times in Berlin since 2013, Ms. Smale brings to the position almost 40-years of journalism experience gained in an international career that has included holding some of the most prestigious posts in the profession. She has a proven track record as reporter, editor and senior leader. Appointed Executive Editor of the International Herald Tribune (IHT) Paris, in 2008, she is the first and only woman to have held that post.

Ms. Smale went to the IHT in 2004 as Managing Editor from The New York Times, where she had been Deputy Foreign Editor since 2002, having joined The Times in 1998 as Weekend Foreign Editor. Earlier in her career Ms. Smale reported for United Press International and The Associated Press as Bureau Chief for Central and Eastern Europe, Vienna (1986-1998) and Correspondent, Moscow and Bonn (1983-1986, 1978-1983).

Ms. Smale studied in Bristol, Munich and at Stanford University and holds a BA in German and Politics, and an AM in journalism. In 2009 she was awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Law from Bristol University.

الأمين العام يعين أليسون سميل من المملكة المتحدة وكيلته للاتصالات الدولية

عين الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة أنطونيو جوتيريش السيدة أليسون سميل من المملكة المتحدة وكيلته للاتصالات الدولية في إدارة شؤون الإعلام بالمنظمة، لتخلف بذلك السيدة كريستينا جالاك من اسبانيا والتي يعرب الأمين العام عن امتنانه لأدائها الملتزم وخدمتها المتفانية للمنظمة. ويود الأمين العام أيضاً أن يعرب عن تقديره للسيد ماهر ناصر الذي شغل منصب وكيل الأمين العام بالنيابة للاتصالات الدولية.

وكانت السيدة سميل رئيسة مكتب صحيفة نيويورك تايمز في برلين منذ عام 2013، وبذلك فهي تأتي إلى منصبها حاملة خبرة في الصحافة تمتد لما يقرب من 40 عاماً في مواقع دولية شملت توليها بعض أرفع المناصب في هذه المهنة. ولدى سميل سجل حافل بصفتها مراسلة ومحررة وفي مناصب قيادية، حيث عُينت مسؤولة التحرير التنفيذية في صحيفة هيرالد تريبيون في باريس عام 2008، وهي المرأة الأولى والوحيدة التي شغلت هذا المنصب.

وكانت السيدة سميل قد انتقلت إلى منصب مديرة تحرير صحيفة هيرالد تريبيون عام 2004 بعد أن كانت نائبة رئيس قسم الأخبار الدولية في صحيفة نيويورك تايمز منذ عام 2002، والتي انضمت إليها في عام 1998 لتعمل محررة للأخبار الدولية في أعداد عطلة نهاية الأسبوع. وقد عملت السيدة سميل في وقت سابق من حياتها المهنية لدى وكالتي أنباء يونايتد برس انترناشونال وأسوشيتد برس بصفتها مديرة مكتب فيينا الذي يغطي منطقة وسط وشرق أوروبا (1986-1998) ومراسلة في مدينتي موسكو (1983-1986) وبون (1978-1983).

درست السيدة سميل في بريستول وميونيخ وفي جامعة ستانفورد، وحصلت على البكالوريوس في اللغة الألمانية والسياسة، ودرجة الماجستير في الصحافة. وفي عام 2009 حصلت على شهادة الدكتوراه الفخرية في القانون من جامعة بريستول.

Yemen: Senior UN relief official voices concern at reports of airstrikes on civilians

7 August 2017

Expressing a deep concern about reports of airstrikes on civilians in Yemen’s Sa’ada Governorate, a senior United Nations relief official has urged all parties to the conflict and those who influence and support them to uphold their responsibility under international humanitarian law to protect civilians.

“All parties to the conflict continue toshow a disregard for the protection of civilians and the principle of distinction between civilians and combatants in the conduct of hostilities,” said Jamie McGoldrick, the Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen, in a statement issued over the weekend by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Attacks on a house in As Safra District and on a private vehicle in Razih District on Friday have reportedly resulted in the deaths of at least 12 civilians, including women and children and the injury of 10 more people.

While these new incidents are still being investigated by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), they are an example of the brutality in which the conflict is being conducted, Mr. McGoldrick stated.

“As I have said before, even wars have rules and such rules must be respected,” he added.

Meanwhile, UN Spokesman Stéphane Dujarric told reporters at UN Headquarters today that there had been a delay in the delivery of fuel needed for the UN’s humanitarian operations in the country but UN team has got assurances that fuel will be moving this week from Aden to the capital, Sana’a.

“We ask authorities for a mechanism to help ensure regular delivery of aviation fuel for UN operations,” Mr. Dujarric said.

Statement by the Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen Mr. Jamie McGoldrick, on reported attacks on civilians in Sa’ada Governorate

Sana’a, 5 August 2017

I am deeply concerned about reports of airstrikes on civilians in Sa’ada Governorate received from humanitarian partners on the ground. Attacks on a house in As Safra District and on a private vehicle in Razih District have reportedly resulted in the death of at least twelve civilians, including women and children and the injury of ten more people.

While these new incidents are still being investigated by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, they are an example of the brutality in which the conflict is being conducted. All parties to the conflict continue to show a disregard for the protection of civilians and the principle of distinction between civilians and combatants in the conduct of hostilities. As I have said before, even wars have rules and such rules must be respected.

I once again urge all parties to the conflict and those who influence and support them to uphold their responsibility under international humanitarian law to ensure the safety of civilians. Furthermore, the people of Yemen deserve peace and it is imperative that there is a return to the negotiating table to put an end to the suffering of innocent civilians caught up in the conflict.

Malnutrition and cholera ‘a vicious combination’ in war-torn Yemen – UN agency chiefs

26 July 2017

In Yemen, the world’s worst cholera outbreak is unfolding amid the world’s largest humanitarian crisis, crippling health, water and sanitation facilities in the country, and creating ideal conditions for diseases to spread, according to the heads of three United Nations agencies.

“The country is on the brink of famine, with over 60 per cent of the population not knowing where their next meal will come from,” said UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Executive Director Anthony Lake, World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director David Beasley and World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

Wrapping up their joint visit to the crisis-torn nation, the agency chiefs pointed out that nearly two million Yemeni children are acutely malnourished, and “malnutrition makes them more susceptible to cholera; diseases create more malnutrition […] a vicious combination.”

Together in Yemen they witnessed the scale of the humanitarian crisis, observing that over the last three months, 400,000 cases of suspected cholera and nearly 1,900 associated deaths have been recorded.

“At one hospital, we visited children who can barely gather the strength to breathe. We spoke with families overcome with sorrow for their ill loved ones and struggling to feed their families,” they lamented, adding that as they drove through the city, “we saw how vital infrastructure, such as health and water facilities, have been damaged or destroyed.”

Thousands of health workers, unpaid for nearly a year, still show up for duty

Amid the chaos, some 16,000 volunteers go from house to house, educating families on how to protect themselves from diarrhoea and cholera while doctors, nurses and other health staff work around the clock to save lives.

Highlighting that in spite of not having been paid for over 10 months, many of the 30,000 health workers continue to labour, the senior UN officials said they have asked the authorities to pay them.

“As for our agencies, we will do our best to support these extremely dedicated health workers with incentives and stipends,” they stated.

“We also saw the vital work being done by local authorities and NGOs (non-governmental organization), supported by international humanitarian agencies, including our own. We have set up more than 1,000 diarrhoea treatment centres and oral rehydration corners,” they noted.

The UN agency heads underscored that the delivery of food supplements and medical supplies is ongoing, as is the rebuilding of infrastructure, including hospitals, health centres and the water- sanitation network.

“We are working with the World Bank in an innovative partnership that responds to needs on the ground and helps maintain the local health institutions,” they continued.

While the UN officials also offered hope – noting that more than 99 per cent of cholera-infected people with access to health services are surviving and the number of children afflicted with severe acute malnutrition this year was estimated to be 385,000 – they maintained that as thousands fall sick every day, the situation remains dire.

They flagged that nearly 80 per cent of Yemen’s children need immediate humanitarian assistance, underlining the importance of sustained efforts to stop the spread of disease.

Drawing attention to their meeting with Yemeni leaders in Aden and Sana’a, the UN officials pressed for humanitarian access to fighting-affected areas and urged for a peaceful political solution.

“The Yemeni crisis requires an unprecedented response,” they stressed, explaining that the three agencies have teamed up with the Yemeni authorities and other partners “to coordinate activities in new ways of working to save lives and to prepare for future emergencies.”

“We now call on the international community to redouble its support for the people of Yemen. If we fail to do so, the catastrophe we have seen unfolding before our eyes will not only continue to claim lives but will scar future generations and the country for years to come,” concluded the UN heads.

دعوة من رؤساء اليونيسف وبرنامج الأغذية العالمي ومنظمة الصحة العالمية إلى المجتمع الدولي لمضاعفة دعمهم لشعب اليمن

26/7/2017

عقب زيارة مشتركة لليمن، أصدر رؤساء اليونيسف وبرنامج الأغذية العالمي ومنظمة الصحة العالمية، بيانا مشتركا تحدثوا فيه عما شاهدوه على الأرض بأنفسهم من حجم الأزمة الإنسانية الراهنة، بهدف زيادة الجهود المشتركة من أجل مد يد العون إلى الشعب اليمني.

وقال البيان الصادر عن أنتوني ليك المدير التنفيذي لليونيسف، وديفيد بيسلي المدير التنفيذي لبرنامج الأغذية العالمي، وتيدروس غيبرييسوس المدير العام لمنظمة الصحة العالمية: “يأتي تفشي الكوليرا وهو الأسوأ على الإطلاق في خضم أكبر أزمة إنسانية يشهدها العالم. خلال الأشهر الثلاثة الأخيرة تم تسجيل 400 ألف حالة يشتبه بأنها كوليرا وما يقرب من 1,900 حالة وفاة مرتبطة بتفشي هذا الوباء، كما أصيبت مرافق الصحة والمياه الحيوية بالشلل نتيجة أكثر من عامين من الاقتتال، وهو ما خلق الظروف المثالية لانتشار الأمراض.” وأشاروا إلى أن البلاد على حافة الوقوع في مجاعة، حيث يعيش أكثر من 60 في المائة من السكان في عدم يقين وإن كانوا سيحصلون على وجبة طعام أخرى، كما يعاني حوالي مليوني طفل من سوء التغذية الحاد. ويؤدي سوء التغذية إلى جعلهم أكثر عرضة للإصابة بالكوليرا فيما تؤدي الأمراض إلى زيادة سوء التغذية. وأعربوا عن الأمل في أن أكثر من 99% من الأشخاص المشتبه بإصابتهم بمرض الكوليرا والذين يستطيعون الحصول على الخدمات الصحية هم الآن على قيد الحياة، وقد استقر عدد الأطفال الذين من المتوقع أن يعانوا من سوء التغذية الحاد المزمن على 385 ألف طفل. وخلال لقائهم بالقادة اليمنيّين – في كلّ من عدن وصنعاء – دعا رؤساء الوكالات الثلاث إلى منح العاملين في المجال الإنساني إمكانية الوصول إلى المناطق المتضررة من القتال، كما حثوا على إيجاد حل سياسي سلمي للنزاع، ودعوا المجتمع الدولي إلى مضاعفة دعمه لشعب اليمن.

Three displaced families killed in airstrike in south-west Yemen – UN rights wing

21 July 2017

Three displaced families have been killed when their makeshift shelter was hit in an airstrike in Yemen’s Taiz governorate earlier this week, the United Nations human rights wing said.

Citing witness reports, Rupert Colville, a spokesperson for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) said today that the straw house the families were sheltering in was destroyed in the strike, killing everyone who were inside at the time.

“At least 18 civilians in all, including ten children and two women, are believed to have died in the incident,” he said.

The Arab Coalition Forces airstrike had taken place in the Al Asheerah village, which is near the town of Mawza, and is currently controlled by the Houthis, at around 8:30 a.m. on Tuesday, 18 July.

According to Mr. Colville, the families had been recorded by OHCHR as displaced, along with three others, from their homes in a different village nearby three months ago as a result of other airstrikes, and had set up four rough shelters in an open area in Al Asheerah.

The village is located about eight kilometres from the Khalid Bin Al Walid Military Camp, where clashes between pro-Hadi forces, backed by the Coalition Forces, and the Houthis are taking place.

Noting that according to available information, there did not appear to have been “any military objectives anywhere” in the immediate vicinity of the destroyed house, the OHCHR spokesperson underscored that attacks targeting civilians or civilian objects or indiscriminate or disproportionate attacks are prohibited under international humanitarian law.

“[We] remind all parties to the conflict, including the Coalition, of their duty to ensure full respect for international humanitarian law and to respect their obligations under international human rights law,” said Mr. Colville, calling on the authorities for a comprehensive and impartial investigation into this incident.

Since March 2015, OHCHR has documented 13,609 civilian casualties, including 5,021 killed and 8,588 injured. These figures are based on the casualties individually verified by its office in Yemen and the overall number could be much higher.

Rainy season worsens cholera crisis in Yemen; UN agencies deliver clean water, food

21 July 2017

Yemen is facing the world’s largest cholera outbreak, the United Nations health agency today warned, with 5,000 Yemenis falling sick every day – the majority of them children and the elderly.

“The cholera outbreak is far from being over,” Fadela Chaib, spokesperson for the UN World Health Organization (WHO), told reporters in Geneva. “The rainy season had just started and would exacerbate the situation in terms of transmission.”

WHO reported 368,207 people are suspected of having cholera and at least 1,828 died of it since late April.

UN agencies, including WHO and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), are scaling up access to clean water and sanitation, and setting up treatment centres for oral rehydration therapy and other measures.

The response is also focused on providing food as the country remains on the verge of famine. Seventeen million people are currently hungry in the war-torn country, making then more vulnerable to catching the bacteria.

“It is necessary to break the vicious cycle of malnutrition and diarrhoea,” Ms. Chaib said.

Children aged 15 and under accounted for 41 per cent of all suspected cases, and people aged over 60 for 33 per cent of all deaths.

Asked if the number of cases could rise about 600,000, as projected by the non-governmental organization Oxfam, Ms. Chaib called the current toll “heavy” and said the situation “remains alarming.”

In 2011, some 719,377 suspected cases of cholera were recorded in Haiti, and 8,767 people died, according to national figures citedby the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).