The Special Envoy of the Secretary General for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, concluded his visit to Riyadh, Sanaa and Hudayda.
In Sanaa, Griffiths met with Ansar Allah leader, Abdulmalik Al Houthi, in addition to senior political officials of Ansar Allah and representatives of the General People’s Congress party. The purpose of his visit was to discuss the rapid and effective implementation of the Stockholm Agreement. He also discussed the deployment of UN staff in support of the implementation of the Hodeidah agreement. The Special Envoy is encouraged by the responsiveness demonstrated by the leadership of Ansar Aallah in that regard. The Special Envoy also discussed the resumption of political consultations, stressing the importance of achieving substantial progress in implementing the Stockholm Agreement, as we move towards convening the next round of consultations. Griffiths also welcomed the positive engagement and commitment of Ansar Allah and the Saudi-led Coalition in the release of a Saudi-detainee, in need of urgent medical treatment, and seven Ansar Allah detainees.
In Hudayda, the Special Envoy met with General Patrick Cammaert and local officials, and stressed the importance of the rapid implementation of the Hudayda Agreement, in particular speedy redeployments according to an RCC plan. Griffiths expressed concern about recent hostilities in Yemen and called on all parties to exercise utmost restraint and de-escalate tensions, in Hudayda and in other parts of Yemen.
During his visit to Riyadh, Griffiths received assurances from President Hadi and the Saudi-led Coalition of their continued commitment to respect and fully implement the Stockholm Agreement. Griffths appreciated that the parties have demonstrated the necessary flexibility and good faith regarding the timelines for implementation and the technical challenges that need to be resolved on the ground. The parties also recognize the political and humanitarian importance of the full implementation of the Stockholm agreement. The Special Envoy reiterated the commitment of the United Nations to continue working with the parties to overcome any challenges in this regard.
Today we celebrate the first International Day of Education.
Education transforms lives. As United Nations Messenger of Peace Malala Yousafzai once said: “one child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world”. Nelson Mandela rightly called education “the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
Long before I served at the United Nations or held public office in my own country, I was a teacher. In the slums of Lisbon, I saw that education is an engine for poverty eradication and a force for peace.
Today, education is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals.
We need education to reduce inequalities and improve health.
We need education to achieve gender equality and eliminate child marriage.
We need education to protect our planet’s resources.
And we need education to fight hate speech, xenophobia and intolerance, and to nurture global citizenship.
Yet at least 262 million children, adolescents and youth are out of school, most of them girls. Millions more who attend school are not mastering the basics.
This is a violation of their human right to education. The world cannot afford a generation of children and young people who lack the skills they need to compete in the 21st century economy, nor can we afford to leave behind half of humanity.
We must do far more to advance Sustainable Development Goal 4, to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
Education can also break and reverse cycles of intergenerational poverty. Studies show that if all girls and boys complete secondary education, 420 million people could be lifted out of poverty.
Let us prioritize education as a public good; support it with cooperation, partnerships and funding; and recognize that leaving no one behind starts with education.
Thousands of families in conflict-affected communities south of the Red Sea port city of Hudaydah in Yemen have received aid for the first time since last July, the World Food Programme (WFP) said on Tuesday.
Spokesperson Hervé Verhoosel confirmed that Tuhayat and Darayhimi had been reached thanks to a partial ceasefire deal agreed at UN-led talks between Government forces and Houthi opposition militia in the west of the country:
“For the first time since the increase in fighting in Hudaydah in June 2018 WFP managed to assist hard-to-reach areas of Tuhayat and Darahimi,” he said. “This can be thanks to an inconsistent de-escalation over recent days following the December peace talks in Stockholm, Sweden.”
Aid was distributed from Hudaydah – a Houthi stronghold – and Aden, which is controlled by the internationally recognized Government of President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi.
“So far WFP has dispatched more than 3,334 metric tonnes of food assistance to these areas, and that is simultaneously from both Aden and Hudaydah,” the WFP spokesperson explained, adding that “8,125 households in Al Tuhayat have received enough assistance for two months and 2,662 families in Al Darayhimi, south of Hudaydah, have received food rations. Those are the first humanitarian shipments delivered since July 2018 when a WFP contracted truck was hit in the area.”
Last month, WFP scaled up the delivery of food and food vouchers to around nine million people in Yemen, up from seven to eight million in November.
The aim in coming weeks is to reach 12 million people to help avert famine in the country, which was already one of the poorest countries in the world before conflict escalated in March 2015.
“We will adapt on a daily basis to the security situation on the ground,” Mr Verhoosel said. “We encourage of course all parties to keep negotiating under the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy. The situation is better already, I mean, we are not exactly at the target, but we are not far away from the target.”
UN monitoring team in Hudaydah continues work, but ‘timelines have slipped’
The UN monitoring team which is overseeing the implementation of the Stockholm peace agreement signed by Government and Houthi opposition leaders last month, is continuing it work, but the warring parties have refused to hold face-to-face meetings in recent days.
UN Spokesperson Stéphane Dujarric said on Monday that the retired Dutch General, Patrick Cammaert, who is chairing the Redeployment Coordination Committee, has held two joint meetings involving both sides, but “in the last week, due to the inability of the parties to have a joint meeting” he had meet them separately twice, “seeking to find a mutually acceptable way forward for the redeployment of forces from the three ports and critical parts of the city associated with humanitarian facilities, as provided for in phase one in the Stockholm Agreement.”
“While projected timelines have slipped, recent discussions have been constructive”, added Mr Dujarric, briefing reporters at UN Headquarters.
“The chair continues to encourage the parties to resume the joint meetings in order to finalize a mutually agreed redeployment plan. Currently, plans are being discussed on how to facilitate humanitarian operations.”
Hudaydah carries more than 70 per cent of all humanitarian aid and commercial goods into the war-ravaged nation, and future talks towards a listing peace settlement for Yemen, rely on a ceasefire holding, in line with the agreement made in Sweden.
Thank you very much indeed Mr. President and thank you, to the members of this Council, and thank you for the opportunity you are giving me to brief this Council today. As Council members know, our efforts – and, indeed, the attention of the world – are focused on the momentum generated at the end of last year for the peace process by the consultations in Stockholm and the hope of a tangible improvement in the situation of the Yemeni people.
As I stated to this Council immediately after those consultations, the success in Stockholm was your success. I must start, therefore, by thanking the members of the Security Council for adopting that resolution to which you have referred Sir, Resolution 2451, which endorsed the Agreement, authorized the deployment of the advanced team to support and facilitate implementation, and expressed support for the continuation of consultations early this year, including on the Framework for Negotiations. I believe that this resolution that you passed last month, sends a very clear signal of the international community’s support for the achievements that we were able to bring together in Stockholm and our plans subsequently to build on the momentum gained.
Today, I will take this opportunity to brief on the implementation of the commitments made by the parties in Stockholm, namely: the agreement reached on the city and governorate of Hudaydah and the ports of Hudaydah, Salif and Ras Issa; secondly, executive mechanism on activating the prisoner exchange agreement; and, thirdly, the statement of understanding on Taiz. I will also hope to provide an update, Mr President, on our preparations for the next round of consultations.
Since the Stockholm consultations, and in very recent days in this past week, I have had the privilege of meeting with President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi and also with the Ansar Allah leader Abdelmalik Al-Houthi. President Hadi whom I met yesterday in Riyadh, warmly welcomed the progress made in Stockholm and the agreement made there to which he was the key decider, and he confirmed to me in very real and constructive terms his hopes as we all have, that this is an important first step towards a comprehensive solution to the conflict; and I was interested to hear a reflection of exactly those sentiments when I was in Sana’a on Sunday in my meetings with Abdel Malek Al-Houthi who firmly told me in no uncertain terms of the decision and commitment of his movement to implement all those provisions that were agreed in Stockholm. So they both expressed determination to find a way forward and to build further on the progress made, in subsequent rounds. I would like us all to bear that in mind as I do, when we look at the progress in the implementation of those agreements, but I am grateful to President Hadi and of course I am grateful also to Sayyed Abdel Malek.
This enthusiasm for actually making Stockholm work and provide tangible differences on the ground for the people of Yemen was also echoed by other concerned parties and key Member States I have had the privilege to meet since Stockholm and in particular in recent days and I am grateful for their support and they know who they are.
I am pleased to report that both sides have largely adhered to the ceasefire we agreed in Stockholm, in Hudaydah governorate that entered into force on the 18thof December, and that there has been a significant decrease in hostilities since then. Unfortunately, and perhaps unsurprisingly, there has been some violence, including in Hudaydah city, and in the southern districts of the governorate. However, this is remarkably limited compared to what we saw in the weeks before the Stockholm consultations. This relative calm, I believe sir, indicates the tangible benefit of the Stockholm agreement for the people of Yemen and it also illustrates the commitment of both parties to make their agreements work.
Thanks to the swift authorization provided by this Council through resolution 2451, the United Nations has deployed an advanced monitoring team to Hudaydah, under the leadership of my esteemed colleague, Major General Patrick Cammaert of the Netherlands, who arrived in Yemen on the 22nd of December. I should say here that I think it is a remarkable achievement that General Cammaert tore himself away from other commitments, and launched himself with his team into the region at very short notice to establish the RCC, the Committee which will monitor those agreements in Hudaydah. We are very grateful to Patrick Cammaert. This rapid deployment has given a clear signal to the parties and the Yemeni people of the international community’s desire to turn the agreement into facts on the ground. General Cammaert has chaired several meetings of the Redeployment Coordination Committee – with participation from representatives of both parties – to oversee the implementation of the redeployments and ceasefire as agreed in Sweden on Hudaydah. He is working with the parties on the details of the redeployments of forces, again as foreseen in Sweden, the provision of security in the city and the opening of humanitarian access routes agreed in Stockholm.
The activation of the Redeployment Coordination Committee, which has happened since that arrival in late December of General Cammaert is very welcome, and I urge both parties to continue to engage regularly and in good faith with General Cammaert and his team so that the security arrangements and crucially the improvements in humanitarian access can be implemented swiftly, in line with what was agreed in Stockholm. This will build confidence of the parties, the Yemeni people and the international community, that what was talked about in Stockholm can be a reality.
Regarding Taiz, as Council members will recall, the parties agreed in Stockholm to the creation of mechanisms to reach consensus on how to address the situation in that city and governorate. Taiz is of enormous historic significance for Yemen as a whole and the city and its people have been a driving force in Yemen’s economic and cultural life for many years. To give it a sense of proportion, the governorate of Taiz has a population of 2.5 million people and the city of Taiz has been divided by virtue of this conflict for some considerable time. The civilians in Taiz have suffered far too much, far too long, and the destruction in the city has been dreadful, and the flow of humanitarian aid of course needs to increase, needs to cross the lines between parties and the people need the chance to rebuild. These are the issues that we believe that the joint mechanism, the committee that I will refer to, is there to produce. I have talked since Stockholm, with the parties and with many prominent Taizis, including my office has met the governor yesterday, and they all want the city to return to calm and for the people to have hope that the city will flourish once again. I am glad that Stockholm provides a potential platform for this. We plan with the agreement of the parties to hold the first meeting of that committee as soon as possible, ideally this month. We also are working on a civil society mechanism including significant participation of women, to support that joint committee in its endeavors. I am hopeful Mr. President that what we might plan to see in Taiz is something that we might also be seeing achieved in Hudaydah. Hudaydah should not be the only beneficiary of the agreements that we made in Sweden. On the agreement for the exchange of prisoners, we are working with both parties to finalize the lists of prisoners submitted by each in Stockholm. I particularly want to record our appreciation of the invaluable support provided by the International Committee of the Red Cross in this regard. As agreed in Stockholm, we plan to hold a meeting of the Supervisory Committee which includes both parties and I am hopeful that this will take place in Amman, from which I am speaking, next week. This will be a step towards that day that we hope to see of an airlift of many thousands of prisoners exchanged and released to return to their families.
I am grateful for the commitment and patience that both parties have shown since Stockholm. Progress on some of the issues has been gradual and indeed somewhat tentative, but there is a tangible contribution to peace. There are, no doubt, many hurdles to be overcome in the days, weeks and months ahead, but I would say here that the parties must not be diverted from their commitments, through issues of delays or difficulties which were unexpected. I ask for the support of the Council in encouraging the parties to stay the course and to overcome together any challenges that may be encountered along the way and that we are here to help them.
I am under no illusion that these are very sensitive and challenging days for both parties and for Yemen as a whole. The war continues in other parts of the country, which is why we need to make progress quickly.
I call on the Parties to recognize that these first steps need to be protected so that we can reach those other parts of the country in due course. The conflict also continues to have a terrible impact on the economy and the overall humanitarian situation, I know Mark will be describing so in a minute. It was unfortunate that we were unable to reach consensus on a way forward on the Central Bank of Yemen while we were together in Sweden and on the opening of Sana’a airport during those consultations in December. Both of these issues, if resolved, would make a significant contribution to relieving humanitarian suffering, and of course as we discussed in the Security Council meeting of December we continue to work on trying to get solutions before the resumption of the next round of consultations.
I should mention that as ever; the demands of southern groups are also a key part of the solution to the Yemeni equation. I am grateful for the effort exerted by key Yemeni stakeholders and the international community to improve stability in the southern governorates in recent months, which has been a remarkable achievement. As I have always said, I am committed to ensuring the participation of southern groups in the peace process, and I am continuing to work with this goal in mind with a range of those groups. Their contribution will be of vital importance to fulfilling the hope of peace.
To conclude, the message that I have been receiving particularly from the parties but also from key member states and those with interest in peace in Yemen, has been consistent in these past days and it is this: it is that we must implement what was agreed in Sweden and show substantial progress in those commitments if we are to build the confidence that we have hoped to create from them. There is a sense of tangible hope. There is a sense of optimism as well as concern. It is my view, and it is shared by leadership of both parties, and also others. The substantial progress particularly on Hudaydah of course is something that we would like to see before we convene the next consultations. You will remember that in the Stockholm Agreement there was an agreement to open those consultations without conditions. This is not a matter of conditioning, that decision, it is a matter of making progress so that in the next round, we will not be dealing with the issues that have been agreed upon in the first. So, I am still hopeful that we can proceed to a next round of consultations within the near future. I am working with both parties to make sure that that will happen at the earliest possible date and that in those consultations we will begin both to monitor the progress made out of Sweden but also to discuss the fundamental issues that need to be addressed to resolve this conflict.
It has been a “terrifying” year for Yemenis but ultimately one of hope, as December talks in Sweden yielded a ceasefire around a key port city with the promise of further substantive consultations between the warring parties next month, the UN Special Envoy for Yemen, told UN News in an exclusive interview on Wednesday.
Despite the “remarkable” recent progress, Yemen continues to suffer from a humanitarian crisis described by the UN as the worst in the world, together with fighting between Government and Houthi movement opposition forces across the country, said Martin Griffiths, who said “it’s still going to be a hard slog to make it work according to plan”.
The unique role of the United Nations
The United Nations, said the Special Envoy, is the only organization capable of brokering an agreement such as the Hudaydah ceasefire, and putting a team on the ground to monitor the truce within a week of the talks in Sweden.
Mr. Griffiths admitted to many doubts and fears in the lead up to the talks, but also a sense of achievement at simply getting representatives of the two sides together for talks in the same room, after years of a brutal war, for the first time in over two years.
He was keen to stress the importance of using the meetings to move forward on the management of Hudaydah following the fragile ceasefire agreement; a key port which is the main hub for all humanitarian aid and commercial goods entering the war-torn nation.
On the humanitarian front, he said that detailed planning is already underway, with teams from the office of Lise Grande, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen, and the World Food Programme (WFP) present as part on the UN mediating team in Sweden. WFP is expected to take the lead role in managing the port.
Another breakthrough was the agreement over a prisoner exchange, involving 4,000 in detention (2,000 from each side), who will now return home, described as an incredible moment for their families, and a “remarkable sign of hope for the people of Yemen”. The International Committee of the Red Cross, which was present in Sweden in a support role, has agreed to manage the prisoner airlift from one part of the country to another.
Key role of Yemeni Women’s Group
An important “backstage” element of the talks in Sweden was the active role of the Yemeni Women’s Technical Advisory Group, which held meetings with the two parties as well as members of the diplomatic community. The Group discussed ways of bringing the voices of Yemeni women to the peace-making process and presented strategy papers and proposals to guide the Special Envoy in his mediation role, to bring the war to an end.
Despite the fact that they were not present at the formal negotiations, the members, said Mr. Griffiths, mixed easily and effectively with all representatives of the two sides, providing informal advice and providing the UN delegation with crucial information about what was actually happening behind the scenes. The Group was, he added, a “huge resource which, I hope, will only improve and expand over time”.
Two issues were not agreed in Sweden: the reopening of Sana’a airport, and the collection of revenue by the Central Bank of Yemen. Regarding the former, Mr. Griffiths said that the opening of the airport is still being negotiated, and should be resolved before the next round of talks. It is hoped that technical experts from the Central Bank, with assistance from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) will be able to formulate a transparent process for revenue collection, in order to pay the salaries of civil servants throughout Yemen, who have often gone without pay for months on end.
By the end of this year, said Mr. Griffiths, international opinion became clearly fixed on Yemen, raising the prospect of an end to the conflict in 2019. Looking ahead, the Special Envoy expressed hopes that a new round of talks will go beyond humanitarian issues, to begin dealing with the essential elements of a political solution to the war.
يتمتع الميجور جنرال (المتقاعد) باتريك كاميرت رئيس لجنة تنسيق إعادة الانتشار في الحديدة في اليمن، بخبرة عسكرية طويلة بدأت في وطنه هولندا عام 1968 عندما انضم للبحرية الهولندية. وتولى كاميرت أول منصب له مع الأمم المتحدة عام 1992 بقيادة كتيبة البحرية الهولندية في إدارة الأمم المتحدة الانتقالية في كمبوديا.
وبعد ذلك عمل مع قوة الرد السريع في إطار قوة الأمم المتحدة للحماية في البوسنة والهرسك عام 1995.
وفي الأمم المتحدة تولى كاميرت مناصب منها قائد قوات بعثة الأمم المتحدة في إثيوبيا وإريتريا، كما كان مستشارا عسكريا في إدارة الأمم المتحدة لعمليات حفظ السلام، وقائدا للقسم الشرقي في قوات بعثة الأمم المتحدة لحفظ السلام في جمهورية الكونغو الديمقراطية.
ورأس كاميرت، عام 2016، تحقيقا مستقلا خاصا حول أعمال العنف في جوبا، بجنوب السودان، التي وقعت في يوليو من العام نفسه واستجابة بعثة الأمم المتحدة لتلك الأحداث.
وقاد مجلس تحقيق حول ملابسات الاشتباكات التي وقعت في موقع حماية المدنيين في ملكال، التابع لبعثة الأمم المتحدة في جنوب السودان في السابع عشر والثامن عشر من فبراير 2016.
This is a humanitarian issue and it shall not be subject to any political scores or other matters and the perspective of parties shall be to reunite the bereaved families, as it is endorsed in Islam.
Recognizing the importance of urgently addressing the issue in accordance with the legal processes and provisions, particularly, the conventions, principles and norms of international humanitarian law, human rights and relevant laws of the Republic of Yemen and relevant United Nations resolutions,
This agreement was executed under the auspices and the supervision of the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, the sponsor and guarantor for this agreement. The International Committee of the Red Cross shall also oversee and facilitate the exchange process and the technical procedures related to this agreement.
The involvement of the International Committee of the Red Cross aims to ensure respect for fundamental humanitarian principles and procedures that facilitate the release, or transfer or repatriation of all persons who were deprived of their liberty during the events in Yemen. Therefore, the safety of the staff of the International Committee of the Red Cross shall be ensured during this process and all necessary facilities shall be provided to them so that the International Committee of the Red Cross can play its intermediary and neutral role to facilitate the implementation of the agreement.
To demonstrate goodwill and to promote the peace process, the Yemeni parties and the Arab Coalition Representative (hereinafter referred to as the “Parties”) agreed to conduct a comprehensive and complete exchange of all prisoners, detainees, missing persons, arbitrarily detained and forcibly disappeared persons, and those under house arrest, in accordance with the following principles:
First, the parties agreed to release all prisoners, detainees, missing persons, arbitrarily detained and forcibly disappeared persons, and those under house arrest, held in relation to the events in Yemen, without any exceptions or conditions, for the purpose of resolving this fully and definitively.
Second, each party shall hand over all prisoners, detainees, missing persons, arbitrarily detained and forcibly disappeared persons, and those under house arrest, held in relation to the events in Yemen, by all Yemeni parties or the Arab Coalition, whether they are Yemeni or from the coalition countries, including (Faisal Rajab – Mohammed Qahtan – Mahmoud Subaihi – Nasser Mansour Hadi).
Third, no party shall have the right to refrain from extraditing any person who was arrested, detained, or captured for any reason in relation to the events, and all parties shall be obliged to comply with that.
Fourth, all parties are obliged not to exclude any person who was imprisoned, arrested, detained, or captured for any reason in relation to the events.
Fifth, in the event that any prisoners, detainees, missing persons, arbitrarily detained and forcibly disappeared persons, and those under house arrest, or those arrested and detained in relation to the events in Yemen, were found not released after the exchange process, all parties are obliged to release them immediately and unconditionally.
Each Party shall hand over to the other Party the lists of their prisoners, detainees, kidnapped persons, or any person arrested in relation to the events, within one week from the date of signature of this agreement. All lists shall be exchanged through the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen.
Each party shall be committed to submit a correct, accurate and up-to-date list of the data through the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen and it shall include the quadruple full name, the title, the governorate, the directorate, place of arrest, and place of imprisonment, if any, to facilitate the search process.
Each party shall submit information about the lists submitted to them, through the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, within a period not exceeding one week from the date of receipt of the information.
Each Party shall submit written remarks, if any, on the lists submitted to them by the other party within one week from the date of receipt of the lists through the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen.
The remarks mentioned in point number 4 shall be responded to within one week from the date of receipt of these remarks.
The final lists shall be signed by all parties and handed over to the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen and the International Committee of the Red Cross, for the purpose of preparing and conducting the exchange process in coordination with the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen.
The agreed upon shall be carried out after submitting information on the remarks within a period not exceeding ten days.
It was agreed to carry out the exchange process of all prisoners, detainees, missing persons, arbitrarily detained and forcibly disappeared persons, and those under house arrest, by both parties, at the same time in Al-Jawf governorate, to ensure a smooth functioning of the process.
A technical working group shall be established with the participation of the parties, the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, and the International Committee of the Red Cross to focus exclusively on the logistical and technical aspects of the exchange.
A committee from the two parties shall be formed and it shall commence its task upon signing this agreement, to recover and exchange bodies from all fronts and areas and the two parties shall facilitate the work of the committee, secure it, and cooperate with it.
This Agreement was Executed in Two Copies, One Copy for Each Party
هذا الملف يعد ملفاً إنسانياً ولا يخضع لأي حسابات سياسية أو أمور أخرى، و يكون منطلق الأطراف هو لم شمل الأسر المكلومة، كما أقر ديننا الإسلامي.
و إدراكاً لأهمية معالجة القضية عاجلاً وفقاً للأحكام والمسارات القانونية، ولا سيما مواثيق ومبادئ وأعراف القانون الإنساني الدولي وحقوق الإنسان وقوانين الجمهورية اليمنية ذات الصلة، وقرارات الأمم المتحدة ذات الصله.
تم هذا الإتفاق تحت رعاية و إشراف مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن و هو الراعي و الضامن له، كما تشرف منظمة الصليب الأحمر الدولي علي تسهيل عملية التبادل و الإجراءات الفنية المتعلقة بها.
يهدف إشراك منظمة الصليب الأحمر الدولي إلى ضمان إحترام المبادئ و الإجراءات الإنسانية الأساسية التي تسهل الإفراج عن، أو نقل، أو الإعادة إلى الوطن، جميع الأشخاص المجردين من حريتهم على ذمة الأحداث في اليمن.و لهذا الغرض ينبغي ضمان سلامة موظفي منظمة الصليب الأحمر الدولي خلال هذه العملية، و توفير كافة التسهيلات اللازمة لها، لممارسة دورها كوسيط محايد لتسهيل تطبيق الإتفاق.
والتزاماً بإبداء حسن النية، وتعزيزاً لمسار السلام، إتفقت الأطراف اليمنية و التحالف العربي (ويشار إليهم فيما يلي بـ”الأطراف”) على اجراء تبادل شامل وكامل لجميع الأسرى والمعتقلين والمفقودين والمحتجزين تعسفياً والمخفيين قسرياً و الموضوعين تحت الإقامة الجبرية على ذمة الاحداث القائمة، وفقاً للمبادئ الآتية:
ثانياً / يسلم كل طرف كل من لديه من أسرى ومعتقلين ومفقودين ومحتجزين تعسفياً ومخفيين قسرياً و الموضوعين تحت الإقامة الجبرية على ذمة الأحداث، لدى جميع الأطراف اليمنية و لدى التحالف العربي سواء كانوا يمنيين أو من دول التحالف وبمن فيهم (فيصل رجب – محمد قحطان – محمود الصبيحي – ناصر منصور هادي).
ثالثاً / لا يحق لأي طرف الامتناع عن تسليم أي شخص تم أسره أو إعتقاله أو إحتجازه أو القبض عليه على ذمة الأحداث لأي سبب، و تلتزم جميع الأطراف بذلك.
رابعاً / تلتزم جميع الأطراف بعدم إستثناء أي شخص تم أسره أو إعتقاله أو إحتجازه أو القبض عليه على ذمة الأحداث لأي سبب.
خامساً / في حال تبين وجود أي أسرى أومعتقلين أومفقودين أومحتجزين تعسفياً أومخفيين قسرياً أو الموضوعين تحت الإقامة الجبرية لدى أي طرف، أو المحتجزين على ذمة الأحداث، بعد عملية التبادل فإن جميع الأطراف ملتزمة بإطلاق سراحهم على الفور دون قيد أو شرط.
1 / على كل طرف تسليم الطرف الاَخر كشوفات أسراه و محتجزيه و معتقليه و مختطفيه و كل من تم القبض عليه على ذمة الأحداث، لدى الطرف الاخر في خلال أسبوع من تاريخ التوقيع على هذا الاتفاق. و يتم تبادل جميع الكشوفات من خلال مكتب مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن.
2 / يلتزم كل طرف برفع كشوفات صحيحة ودقيقة ومستكملة البيانات، من خلال مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن، حيت تشمل الاسم الرباعي مع اللقب والمحافظة والمديرية ومكان القبض ومكان السجن إن وجد حتي تسهل على الجميع عملية البحث والتقصي.
3 / على كل طرف تقديم الإفادة على الكشوفات المقدمة إليه من الطرف الأخر خلال مدة لا تزيد عن أسبوع من تاريخ إستلامه للكشوفات، من خلال مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن.
4 / على كل طرف تقديم ملاحظات خطية، إن وجدت، على الإفادة المسلمة إليه من الطرف الاخر فى خلال أسبوع من تاريخ استلامه الإفادة من خلال مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن.
5 / يتم الرد على الملاحظات المذكوره في البند الرابع خلال أسبوع من تاريخ استلام لهذه الملاحظات.
6 / يتم التوقيع على الكشوفات النهائية من جميع الأطراف وتسلم الى مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن و منظمة الصليب الأحمر الدولي ليقوم باجرائته و التحضير للتبادل بالتنسيق مع مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن.
7 / يجري تنفيذ ما اتفق عليه بعد التوقيع على الكشوفات النهائية خلال مدة لا تزيد عن عشرة أيام.
8 / تم الاتفاق على تنفيذ عملية التبادل لجميع الأسرى والمعتقلين والمفقودين والمحتجزين تعسفياً والمخفيين قسرياً و الموضوعين تحت الإقامة الجبرية من الطرفين، في وقت واحد وفي محافظة الجوف أو أي مكان يتفق عليه الطرفان، لضمان سير العملية بسلاسة.
9/ يتم تأسيس فريق عمل تقني بمشاركة الأطراف و مكتب المبعوث الخاص للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة باليمن و منظمة الصليب الأحمر الدولي، يركز بشكل حصري على الأوجه اللوجيستية و التقنية للتبادل.
10 / تشكل لجنة من الطرفين، و تباشر عملها فور توقيع الإتفاق، لإنتشال و تبادل الجثث من جميع الجبهات و المناطق، وعلى الطرفين تسهيل عمل اللجنة و تأمينها والتعاون معها.
The freshly agreed Yemen ceasefire deal covering the key Red Sea governorates of Hudaydah and Taiz has been welcomed by the World Food Programme (WFP), which on Friday expressed hope that it would improve access for humanitarians and, just as crucially, commercial shipping.
“This agreement has the potential to allow the ports of Hudaydah and Saleef to operate at near-normal capacity,” WFP spokesperson Hervé Verhoosel told journalists in Geneva. “The free flow of commercial food supplies into Yemen should prevent further increases in food prices, which have sky-rocketed in the last few months.”
WFP and other UN agencies have described Hudaydah as the principal lifeline for two-thirds of the population, who have endured suffering on a huge scale since fighting escalated between Government forces and Houthi opposition militia, in March 2015.
Before the warring sides agreed a deal at UN-led talks in Sweden this week, clashes had prevented the sustained supply of commercially shipped food and fuel through Hudaydah.
This led to a spike in prices which put basic goods beyond the reach of ordinary Yemenis.
“With the conflict intensifying over the recent weeks, we have seen a decrease of 50 per cent in shipments into Hudaydah port as private companies, shipping companies, were reluctant to use the port for security reasons,” Mr Verhoosel said. “We also hope, then, that it will change.”
The UN agency is also hopeful that it will soon regain access to a large milling and storage facility in Hudaydah – the Red Sea Mills – which supplies one-quarter of its flour for millions of people in north and central Yemen.
Significant role for UN in managing crucial port
According to the ceasefire agreement, the UN is to play a significant role in managing the port.
The UN has not had access to those facilities since September, Mr Verhoosel explained. “We hope that thanks to the agreement we will have access very soon to those facilities and we will be able to dispatch those 51,000 tonnes of wheat to assist 3.7 million people.”
To illustrate the widespread need for assistance in Yemen, Mr Verhoosel noted that in January 2017, WFP delivered aid to 3.5 million people a month, but that this number has now more than tripled. “It’s one of our biggest operations ever,” he said, adding that the agency plans to reach up to 12 million people during next month. Of particular concern are children and breastfeeding mothers, 1.5 million of whom will receive additional nutritional support in coming weeks.
Details of the ceasefire agreement were announced on Thursday by UN Secretary-General António Guterres, who said that despite “pending” unresolved issues, it would improve the lives of millions of people.
In addition to an end to fighting in Hudaydah governorate, the cessation of hostilities also encompasses neighbouring Taizz governorate, where years of conflict in the city have posed serious access challenges to humanitarians.
The WFP Senior Spokesperson said he hoped that the “peace breakthrough” announced in Sweden would lead to similar agreements elsewhere in Yemen – and better humanitarian access to those in need.
“The deal is not enough, it’s a good start,” he said. “That’s why we look forward to January or later when the second round of discussions will take place under the Special Envoy’s leadership and we hope that other similar agreements will be reached in other parts of the country.”
Without assistance, 73 per cent of the population in Taiz – some 2.2 million people – risk “crisis” levels of food insecurity, WFP says. Around 1.3 million would experience “emergency” levels of hunger and 45,000 would face “famine-like” conditions.
Mr. Verhoosel said there was “still time to save millions of people” adding that “honestly, our staff is working 24 hours a day for the moment to avoid as much as we can a catastrophe.”