Yemen: despite major obstacles and insecurity, UN continuing to deliver aid to displaced

3 July 2015

The United Nations is working to deliver humanitarian aid in war-torn Yemen despite widespread insecurity, port delays and severe restrictions on access, several of the Organization’s agencies and partners confirmed today, citing efforts to provide everything from emergency shelters to food and other basic necessities to tens of thousands of people displaced by fighting and airstrikes.

Speaking to reporters in Geneva, Adrian Edwards, spokesperson for the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), said that in May and June, the agency had been able to get basic relief to 56,369 people and plastic sheeting for emergency shelters to a further 7,000 families who had been staying in collective centres.

Aid had been going out across the eight governorates of Abyan, Aden, Amanat Alasimah, Amran, Hajjah, Hodeida, Sana’a and Taiz. Mr. Edwards said that in all, 84,166 displaced people had received non-food aid since the start of April, about 70 per cent of that coming directly from UNHCR and the rest from partners.

“The distributions came amid a worsening situation in many governorates. Al Hazm, the capital of Al Jawf governorate in the country’s north, was hit by airstrikes for three consecutive days in late June causing the evacuation of an estimated 900 families,” he said, adding that most of the residents of the city’s Al Matuma district had been seeking safety in Al Maton and Al Masloub districts.

Al Maton had been the first district in Al Jawf to receive displaced people from Sa’ada. At present there, were an estimated 2,470 internally displaced families there along with an additional 1,400 families from Amran and other governorates.

“The humanitarian response for those populations had been severely restricted due to ongoing fighting and the consequent problems with access,” said Mr. Edwards, explain that UNHCR is seeking to connect with its main operational partners who had networks in Al-Jawf, to provide additional help.

“UNHCR continues to call for unfettered access and movements of humanitarian workers and its supplies so that vital assistance can reach those in need,” he said, adding that currently, there aremore than one million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Yemen, plus some 244,000 refugees. It is estimated that there are more than 21 million people in need throughout the country, concluded Mr. Edwards.

Echoing many of the same concerns, Elisabeth Byrs, spokesperson for the World Food Programme (WFP), said limited access due to constant insecurity remains a fundamental obstacle to the effective delivery of food commodities in Yemen.

Since 15 April, WFP had assisted 1.9 million Yemenis with food aid, through the distribution of 25,000 metric tons of food in 12 governorates, she said, adding that some three million tons of food and fuel on board seven ships were expected in Yemeni ports in the period between 3 and 9 July.

“Commercial shipping into Yemen is slowly increasing but remains constrained by port congestion and high fees due to the time spent by ships waiting to dock. Delays as long as 11 days have been reported at Hodeidah and Salif ports,” she explained.

“The food situation in Aden is very bad,” said Ms. Byrs, reporting that humanitarian agencies are facing serious difficulties to reaching the port. The security situation remained volatile around the port area and in most of the city, which is suffering from small shortages of clean water and power cuts. Most bakeries in Aden had reportedly shut down because of wheat and fuel shortages, she added.

Moreover, a WFP-chartered vessel continued to be redirected to Hodeidah port, despite frequent attempts to deliver to Aden. “WFP had attempted several times to reach Aden with ships but the poor security situation around the port had forced the ships to turn back. However, WFP was still trying to deliver aid, by land and by sea.

In June, food for 80,000 people was distributed but this had not been nearly enough for the one million inhabitants of Aden, said Ms. Byrs, adding that by comparison, in April WFP dispatched food for 200,000 people and in May for 44,000 people.

“The situation in Yemen is dire, said Ms. Byrs, noting that WFP’s operations from June to August were not fully funded and that $103 million is urgently needed.

At the same briefing, Fadéla Chaib, spokesperson for the World Health Organization (WHO), provided recent figures on violations to health facilities and staff in Yemen due to the conflict, as of 14 June 2015. So far there had been 54 total health facilities damaged, of which 20 had been fully damaged, and 13 health workers had been injured of whom three had been killed, she informed the press.

Ahmad Fawzi, Director, Ad Interim of the UN Information Service in Geneva, noted that United Nations Special Envoy on Yemen Ould Cheikh Ahmed is currently in Riyadh where he had reiterated both the UN Secretary-General’s and his own call for a humanitarian pause, especially during the fasting month of Ramadan. The Special Envoy would next travel to Sana’a where he would continue to push all the parties, Mr. Fawzi added.

Yemen: Airstrikes, Mortars Damage IOM Premises in Haradh and Basateen

3 July 2015 – Yemen
Stranded and vulnerable Ethiopian migrants in Al Hudaydah waiting to board a boat that will transport them to Obock, Djibouti. © IOM 2015

Stranded and vulnerable Ethiopian migrants in Al Hudaydah waiting to board a boat that will transport them to Obock, Djibouti. © IOM 2015

Airstrikes and mortars damaged an IOM office in Haradh as well as the Migrant Response Point (MRP) in Basateen, both incidents occurring two days ago, on July 1, 2015.

A series of mortar and gun fire from the ground hit and seriously damaged IOM’s Migrant Response Centre (MRC) in Basateen, in the Aden governorate. Later that day, IOM’s office in Haradh was damaged during air strikes. Although neither incident injured migrants or staff, IOM condemns these attacks and urges all parties to respect the integrity of civilian and humanitarian facilities in accordance with International Humanitarian Law.

In Aden, the conflict continues, forcing IOM’s MRP to keep its doors closed because of active fighting. There has been no electricity in the Basateen neighborhood for the last eight weeks, making it increasingly difficult for IOM’s foster family house to accommodate vulnerable migrants. Additionally it also has not been safe enough for IOM to distribute food at the local Mosque in Basateen.

On 1 July, the Inter-Agency Standing Committee agreed to the activation of a system-wide Level 3 emergency considering the scale, complexity and urgency of the situation in Yemen, which continues to deteriorate at an alarming rate. IOM activated an internal L3 emergency in relation to its response to the Yemen crisis, in view of the regional dimension of the crisis and the complexity of carrying out evacuation operations from within a war zone on 8 May.

Over 21 million people or 80 per cent of the population require some form of humanitarian assistance, while humanitarian capacity and access to respond to those needs remains fairly limited due to active fighting, and persistent lack of fuel and unfulfilled funding pledges.

Between 25 June and 1 July, IOM reached a total of 130 internally displaced households (910 individuals) through shelter and non-food item (NFI) support in Al-Mansoora district. Additionally, during the reporting period, IOM supported Alwehda Hospital in Ash Shaikh Outhman with water trucking and provided a water pump in a school in the Al-Buraiqah district hosting IDPs, assisting a total of 25 households (175 individuals). Furthermore, IOM completed assessments of schools in Al-Mansoora, Ash Shaikh Outhman and Dar Saad that aimed to identify needs in these hosting facilities for internally displaced persons (IDPs).

IOM continues to provide water through water trucking services to 30 schools hosting nearly 1,000 IDPs in the three districts of Khanfir, Zingubar and Lawder, as well as daily water trucking to Lawder Hospital.

During June 2015, IOM continued providing health care to IDPs in both the southern governorates (Aden, Abyan, and Shabwah) and the northern governorates (Sana’a and Hajjah).  Additionally, IOM health staff continued working in the ‘22 May’ Hospital receiving causalities in Aden, and continued covering the mounting gap in reproductive health care in Al-Razie Hospital in Abyan by providing this service through its midwives. Medical screening of people evacuating from Yemen has also continued, as well as the treatment of medical cases among those being evacuated.

In Aden three mobile clinics continued working in the three highly concentrated IDPs areas: Al-Mansoora district, Ash Shaikh Outhman district and Inma City. The total number of medical cases treated in June was 4,922 including 1,745 women, 1,287 men, 1,044 girls, and 846 boys.

A total of 188 children younger than five years have been treated for malnutrition with 91 cases of patients suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM); and 97 cases suffering from Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM). IOM staff continue to provide support at the ‘22 May’ Hospital to cover the gap in medical staffing in Aden health facilities. IOM health staffers also have been working in the emergency room, operations room and Intensive Care Unit (ICU).  A total of 701 medical cases, including 220 casualties and 481 other medical cases, were treated in June.

Despite three months of intense conflict, there are reports of new migrant and refugees arrivals in Yemen along Yemen’s west coast. IOM’s partners reported that in June more than 300 migrants and refugees crossed the Red Sea using smugglers’ boats, while other partners in the south reported that 100 Somali refugees and Ethiopian migrants took a smugglers’ boat on 27 June to Yemen’s southern coast.

On 1 July, IOM was able to organize one flight to Khartoum, evacuating a total of 105 individuals. IOM has evacuated a total of 2,370 Third Country Nationals (TCN) and other migrants by air and sea. IOM has assisted 1,695 TCNs from 46 countries to leave Yemen through 13 flight rotations organized since 12 April.

In addition, IOM evacuated 675 Ethiopians migrants stranded in Al Hudaydah by boat to Obock, Djibouti. IOM continues to assist a residual caseload of stranded Ethiopian migrants in Al Hudaydah, whom it also plans to evacuate to Djibouti, where their documentation will be completed in time for their land transportation back to Ethiopia.

As of 1 July, 42,278 people have arrived in Djibouti and Somalia from Yemen. To date, 20,295 persons have arrived in Djibouti from Yemen: 1,777 are Djiboutians, 9,256 are Yemenis, and 9,262 TCNs.

There are currently 194 Ethiopian migrants accommodated at the MRC in Obock waiting to be documented by Ethiopian Consular Services on 4 July before being provided with Onward Transportation Assistance (OTA) to Ethiopia. Among them are 175 persons who were evacuated from Al Hudaydah to Obock and who arrived at the MRC on 21 June. Medical cases among the migrants are being assisted at the hospital of Obock. The remaining 19 individuals are transiting migrants who crossed Djibouti by foot in the hope of a better life in the Gulf countries.

The number of stranded migrants in Obock increases as well as the request of assistance from IOM for return to Ethiopia. Moreover, thousands of individuals have arrived in Somalia, of which over 90 per cent of are Somalis, 9 per cent are Yemenis, and 1 per cent are TCNs.

Yesterday (2 July) afternoon a cargo boat carrying 3,502 individuals arrived in Bosaso from Mukhalla, putting the total number of arrivals to date, to Somalia, at 21,983.

The registration is still ongoing for these arrivals in Bosaso.  Together with other partners, IOM continues to provide arrival assistance, including transport to the reception centre, medical checks, fitness to travel assessments and onward transportation to the vulnerable arrivals/those in need.

For further information please contact IOM HQ: Joel Millman, Tel: + 41 79 103 87 20, Email: jmillman@iom.int   or in Yemen:  Bekim Ajdini, Tel: +962 79 826 4 906 Email: bajdini@iom.int

على الرغم من إمكانية الوصول المحدودة، توفر مفوضية اللاجئين المأوى والإغاثة الأساسية ل 56 ألف يمني

اليمن Photo: OCHA

اليمن Photo: OCHA

3 يوليو 2015 – إذاعة الأمم المتحدة

إستماع

تواصل المفوضية العليا لشؤون اللاجئين في اليمن إيصال المساعدات الإنسانية على الرغم من القيود الشديدة المفروضة على الوصول إلى السكان المشردين.

وأوضح المتحدث باسم المفوضية في جنيف، أدريان إدوردز، أن الموظفين تمكنوا في شهري أيار/مايو وحزيران/يونيو، من توفير الإغاثة الأساسية ل 56,369 شخصا وتوفير الأغطية البلاستيكية الضرورية للملاجئ الطارئة ل 7000 أسرة أخرى كان يقيم أفرادها في مراكز جماعية:

“وزِّعت المساعدات عبر ثماني محافظات وهي أبين وعدن وأمانة العاصمة وعمران وحجة والحديدة وصنعاء وتعز. في المجموع، تلقى 84,166 نازحا المساعدات غير الغذائية منذ بداية نيسان/ أبريل. وتأتي حوالي 70 في المئة من تلك المساعدات مباشرة من المفوضية أما الباقي فمن شركائنا.”

وأشار إدوردز إلى أن توزيع تلك المساعدات جاء وسط تدهور الوضع في العديد من المحافظات، بما فيها محافظة الجوف بشمال البلاد، حيث تعرضت عاصمتها، حزم، إلى غارات جوية لمدة ثلاثة أيام متتالية في أواخر حزيران/يونيو، مما تسبب في إجلاء حوالي 900 عائلة.

Yemen set to receive three million tons of aid supplies

Emergency aid being offloaded from a UNHCR vessel at the Hodeidah Port, Yemen.

Emergency aid being offloaded from a UNHCR vessel at the Hodeidah Port, Yemen.

3 July 2015 – United Nations Radio

Listen

Three million tons of food and fuel are expected to be delivered by ship to Yemen over the coming week, the World Food Programme (WFP) has confirmed.

The Gulf state continues to endure civil conflict following the seizure of the capital, Sana’a, by rebels in September 2014.

Daniel Dickinson reports.

More than 21 million Yemenis, or 80 per cent of the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of the ongoing conflict.

Deliveries of food and fuel into the country have stalled, but now the UN food agency has announced that three million tons of supplies are due to be delivered starting on Friday.

WFP’s Elisabeth Byrs, explained the current situation in the port city of Aden.

“The food situation is of concern in Aden and is very bad with humanitarian agencies and commercial vessels facing difficulties reaching the port. The security situation remains volatile around the port area and in most of the city, which is suffering from severe shortages of clean water and power cuts.”

The conflict in Yemen continues to claim victims.

In the past three months, some 3,000 Yemenis have been killed, half of them civilians.

Some 14,000 have been injured.

Daniel Dickinson, United Nations

Duration: 1’05″

الأمين العام يدعو إلى تطبيق هدنة إنسانية في اليمن حتى نهاية شهر رمضان

Photo: OCHA

Photo: OCHA

2 يوليو 2015 – إذاعة الأمم المتحدة

إستماع

جدد الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة بان كي مون دعوته للإنهاء الفوري للقتال في اليمن للمساعدة في وقف الكارثة الإنسانية في البلاد.

ودعا الأطراف إلى الاتفاق، بحد أدنى، على هدنة إنسانية حتى نهاية شهر رمضان المبارك من أجل توصيل المساعدات في أنحاء اليمن والوصول إلى من انقطعت عنهم الإمدادات الحيوية منذ شهور.

وقد شهدت الأشهر الثلاثة الماضية مقتل نحو ثلاثة آلاف يمني، نصفهم من المدنيين، وإصابة أربعة عشر ألفا بجراح.

كما فر أكثر من مليون شخص من ديارهم، فيما يحتاج ثمانون في المائة من عدد السكان إلى المساعدة الفورية.

وذكر بيان صحفي منسوب للمتحدث باسم الأمين العام أن الشركاء في العمل الإنساني قد وصلوا بالمساعدة إلى نحو أربعة ملايين شخص خلال الأشهر الثلاثة الماضية، ولكنه ذكر أن هذا العدد لا يمثل سوى نسبة ضئيلة من المحتاجين.

وقد فعـّلت الأمم المتحدة وشركاؤها أعلى درجات الاستجابة الطارئة للوضع في اليمن، ولكنهم يواجهون صعوبات في الوصول إلى بعض المناطق بما يعرض الأطفال والنساء والرجال إلى خطر الموت بسبب نقص الغذاء والمياه النظيفة والرعاية الصحية.

وشدد أمين عام الأمم المتحدة على ضرورة امتثال أطراف النزاع لالتزاماتها وفق القانون الإنساني الدولي، وحماية المدنيين، وتمكين عمال الإغاثة من توصيل المساعدات المنقذة للحياة.

وجدد بان كي مون التزام الأمم المتحدة بدعم اليمن في السعي للتوصل إلى حل سياسي، والذي يعد الحل الناجع الوحيد للصراع.

اليونسكو: مدينتا صنعاء القديمة وشبام على قائمة التراث العالمي المهدد بالخطر

infocus_whc_yemen_shiban_drupal1-300x1562 يوليو 2015 – إذاعة الأمم المتحدة

إستماع

تم إدراج مدينة صنعاء القديمة ومدينة شبام وسورها في اليمن على قائمة التراث العالمي المهدد بالخطر من قبل لجنة التراث العالمي لليونسكو، المجتمعة في مدينة بون الألمانية.

وكانت “صنعاء القديمة” قد تعرضت إلى أضرار جسيمة جراء النزاع المسلح الذي تشهده البلاد. وكان حي القاسمي المجاور لحديثة مقاشم بالقرب من قناة السائلة، قد تعرض إلى خراب كبير. كما لحقت الأضرار بجامع المهدي الذي يعود بنيانه إلى القرن الثاني عشر وبعدد من المنازل المجاورة له.

جدير بالذكر أن مدينة صنعاء، المأهولة بالسكان منذ 2500 عام، تدل على ثراء وجمال الحضارة الإسلامية، وهي تتسم بشهرة واسعة في جميع أركان العالم فضلا عن كونها جزءا لا يتجزأ من هوية الشعب اليمني وافتخاره.

واعتبرت اللجنة أيضا أن مدينة شبام مع سورها، تتعرض لأخطار محدقة بسبب النزاع الدائر في اليمن والذي يزيد من صعوبة المشاكل التي تواجهها قضايا الصون في هذه المدينة، وقد رأت أن إدراجها على قائمة التراث المهدد بالخطر سيساهم في تعزيز الحشد الدولي لصالح هذا الموقع.

Activation of highest level of emergency response in Yemen

Smoke fills the sky above the Yemeni capital Sana’a after a series of airstrikes (12 May). Photo: Almigdad Mojalli/IRIN

Smoke fills the sky above the Yemeni capital Sana’a after a series of airstrikes (12 May). Photo: Almigdad Mojalli/IRIN

2 July 2015 – United Nations Radio

Listen

The highest level of emergency response, level 3, has been activated by the UN and international non-government organizations working together in Yemen.

This is the global humanitarian system’s classification for the response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises.

4.4 million Yemenis have reportedly been reached with aid in the past three months, but the UN says this is a fraction of those in need.

Stephanie Coutrix reports.

All UN agencies have agreed to declare a level 3 emergency response for Yemen, the highest possible and equal to the level of response in Syria, Iraq, and South Sudan.

In the past three months, some 3,000 Yemenis have been killed, half of them civilians, and 14,000 injured.

Over a million people have had to flee their homes and 21 million need immediate help.

In a statement, the UN Secretary-General repeated his call for an immediate end to the fighting in Yemen to help stem the unfolding of what he called a “humanitarian catastrophe” in the country.

He called on the parties to agree, at the very minimum, on an immediate pause in hostilities until the end of the holy month of Ramadan so that aid can be delivered into and across Yemen.

Stephanie Coutrix, United Nations.

Duration: 52″

الأمين العام يدعو إلى تطبيق هدنة إنسانية في اليمن حتى نهاية شهر رمضان

الأمين العام بان كي مون يتحدث للصحفيين في جنيف حول المشاورات بشأن اليمن. من صور الأمم المتحدة / جان مارك فيري

الأمين العام بان كي مون يتحدث للصحفيين في جنيف حول المشاورات بشأن اليمن. من صور الأمم المتحدة / جان مارك فيري

2015/7/2

جدد الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة بان كي مون دعوته للإنهاء الفوري للقتال في اليمن للمساعدة في وقف الكارثة الإنسانية في البلاد.

ودعا الأطراف إلى الاتفاق، بحد أدنى، على هدنة إنسانية حتى نهاية شهر رمضان المبارك من أجل توصيل المساعدات في أنحاء اليمن والوصول إلى من انقطعت عنهم الإمدادات الحيوية منذ شهور.

وقد شهدت الأشهر الثلاثة الماضية مقتل نحو ثلاثة آلاف يمني، نصفهم من المدنيين، وإصابة أربعة عشر ألفا بجراح.

كما فر أكثر من مليون شخص من ديارهم، فيما يحتاج ثمانون في المائة من عدد السكان إلى المساعدة الفورية.

وذكر بيان صحفي منسوب للمتحدث باسم الأمين العام أن الشركاء في العمل الإنساني قد وصلوا بالمساعدة إلى نحو أربعة ملايين شخص خلال الأشهر الثلاثة الماضية، ولكنه ذكر أن هذا العدد لا يمثل سوى نسبة ضئيلة من المحتاجين.

وقد فعـّلت الأمم المتحدة وشركاؤها أعلى درجات الاستجابة الطارئة للوضع في اليمن، ولكنهم يواجهون صعوبات في الوصول إلى بعض المناطق بما يعرض الأطفال والنساء والرجال إلى خطر الموت بسبب نقص الغذاء والمياه النظيفة والرعاية الصحية.

وشدد أمين عام الأمم المتحدة على ضرورة امتثال أطراف النزاع لالتزاماتها وفق القانون الإنساني الدولي، وحماية المدنيين، وتمكين عمال الإغاثة من توصيل المساعدات المنقذة للحياة.

وجدد بان كي مون التزام الأمم المتحدة بدعم اليمن في السعي للتوصل إلى حل سياسي، والذي يعد الحل الناجع الوحيد للصراع.

اليونسكو تدرج مدينتا صنعاء القديمة وشبام على قائمة التراث العالمي المهدد بالخطر

مدينة صنعاء القديمة في اليمن من صور اليونسكو/فرانسيسكو باندارين

مدينة صنعاء القديمة في اليمن من صور اليونسكو/فرانسيسكو باندارين

2015/7/2

أعلنت لجنة التراث العالمي لليونسكو، المجتمعة في مدينة بون الألمانية عن إدراج مدينة صنعاء القديمة ومدينة شبام وسورها في اليمن على قائمة التراث العالمي المهدد بالخطر. 

وقد تعرضت “صنعاء القديمة” إلى أضرار جسيمة جراء الاشتباكات المسلحة التي تشهدها البلاد. فقد تعرض حي القاسمي المجاور لحديثة مقاشم بالقرب من قناة السائلة، إلى خراب كبير. كما لحقت الأضرار بجامع المهدي الذي يعود بنائه إلى القرن الثاني عشر وبعدد من المنازل المجاورة له. 

ويذكر أن مدينة صنعاء المأهولة بالسكان منذ أكثر من 2500 سنة، أصبحت مركزا رئيسيا لنشر الإسلام في القرنين السابع و الثامن. ويتجلى تراثها الديني والسياسي في عمارة 103 مساجدو14 حماما وأكثر من ستة آلاف منزل، بنيت جميعها قبل القرن الحادي عشر. وقد تم إدراج العديد من منازل صنعاء على قائمة التراث العالمي في عام 1986.

كما رأت اللجنة أيضا إدراج مدينة شبام مع سورها على قائمة التراث المهدد بالخطر ، لما يحيط بها من أخطار محدقة بسبب النزاع الدائر في اليمن مما يزيد من صعوبة المشاكل التي تواجهها قضايا الصون في هذه المدنية.

Yemen: amid unfolding humanitarian “catastrophe,” Ban calls for end to hostilities

Smoke fills the sky above the Yemeni capital Sana’a after a series of airstrikes (12 May). Photo: Almigdad Mojalli/IRIN

Smoke fills the sky above the Yemeni capital Sana’a after a series of airstrikes (12 May). Photo: Almigdad Mojalli/IRIN

2 July 2015

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon repeated yesterday his call for an immediate end to the fighting in Yemen to help stem the unfolding humanitarian “catastrophe” in the country.

“He calls on the parties to agree, at the very minimum, on an immediate pause in hostilities until the end of the holy month of Ramadan, so that humanitarian aid can be delivered into and across Yemen and reach people cut off from vital supplies for months,” says a statementissued by the UN Spokesperson.

The UN chief emphasized that the parties to the conflict must adhere to their obligations under international humanitarian law, protecting civilians and enabling humanitarian workers to deliver life-saving assistance.

“The Secretary-General reaffirms the commitment of the United Nations, as expressed through the efforts of his Special Envoy, Ismail Ould Sheikh Ahmed, to support Yemen in the search for a political solution — the only viable solution — to the conflict.”

In the past three months, some 3,000 Yemenis have been killed, half of them civilians, and 14,000 injured. Over a million people have had to flee their homes and 21 million need immediate help, close to 13 million people are unable to meet their food needs, 15 million people have no healthcare and outbreaks of dengue and malaria are raging unchecked.

Humanitarian partners have reached 4.4 million people with aid in the past three months, but this is a fraction of those in need, says the UN Spokesperson. The United Nations, the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement and international NGOs working together have now activated the highest level of emergency response.

“But without access to all parts of the country, children, women and men will continue to die for lack of food, clean water and healthcare,” warns the statement.