وزير خارجية اليمن يؤكد تمسك الحكومة بالحوار لحل الخلافات

605255-Yemen

30 سبتمبر 2014

في كلمته أمام الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة قال جمال عبد الله السلال وزير الخارجية اليمني إن العملية السياسية في بلاده مازالت تواجه الكثير من التحديات التي كادت تعصف بها وتعيد البلاد إلى المربع الأول.

“آخرها التطورات الكبيرة والخطيرة التي مر بها اليمن ولازال جراء التصعيد السياسي والعسكري الأخير لجماعة أنصار الله ومحاصرتهم العاصمة صنعاء وذلك بالرغم من قرار اليمنيين خلال مؤتمر الحوار الوطني الشامل بأن يكون ذلك آخر عهدهم باستخدام السلاح والعنف لتسوية خلافاتهم السياسية. ورغم ذلك حرصت الحكومة على التعامل مع ذلك التصعيد بحكمة وصبر إيمانا منها بأن الحوار هو الخيار الأنجح لحل الخلافات وأن الوطن لم يعد يحتمل المزيد من الصراعات كما أن المواطن قد أثقلت كاهله الأزمات المتوالية ويتطلع بشغف إلى أن يعم الأم والاستقرار ربوع الوطن.”

وأكد السلال على ضرورة أن يواصل المجتمع الدولي دعمه السياسي ومساعداته الاقتصادية لليمن والوقوف بحزم ضد أية أطراف تحاول تقويض أسس العملية السياسية.

كما طالب المجتمع الدولي بالوقوف إلى جانب اليمن للتصدي للإرهاب، وقال إن بلاده كانت سباقة في مواجهة آفة الإرهاب الدخيلة على حياة وتقاليد الشعب والدين الإسلامي الحنيف.

In Geneva, UN chief stresses central role of human rights in global humanitarian efforts

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon addresses the annual meeting of UNHCR’s governing Executive Committee in Geneva. UN Photo/Jean-Marc Ferré

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon addresses the annual meeting of UNHCR’s governing Executive Committee in Geneva. UN Photo/Jean-Marc Ferré

1 October 2014

Amid mounting crises, a warming planet and the spread of contagious diseases, the world is being consumed by “many troubles,” United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today as he pressed the international community to engage in “unprecedented cooperation” as it faces a slew of global predicaments.

In his remarks to the UN Refugee Agency’s (UNCHR) annual Executive Committee meeting held in Geneva, the Secretary-General warned the gathered Member States that the “snapshot” of the state of the world is “not a pretty picture,” adding that never before has the UN had to confront “so many refugees, displaced people and asylum seekers” and provide “so many with emergency food assistance and other life-saving support.”

“The world must do more to prevent forced displacement, address its root causes, and support solutions for those affected by it,” Mr. Ban stressed. “This requires greater resources and more political leadership. It also requires unprecedented cooperation by the international community.”

Pointing to the multitude of global crises, spanning from Iraq and Syria to the Central African Republic and Horn of Africa, he urged “an earlier and greater focus” on human rights for the millions of refugees displaced by the conflicts and reminded Member States that human rights should be the centre point of their humanitarian assistance.

“That is what we call Human Rights Up Front,” Mr. Ban continued. “Human rights should be put at the centre and the front when dealing with refugees and asylum seekers.”

UNHCR’s Executive Committee reviews and approves the agency’s programmes and budget, advises on international protection and discusses a wide range of other issues with UNHCR and its intergovernmental and non-governmental partners on an annual basis.

Addressing the 94-member body yesterday, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, cast a similarly foreboding picture of the global humanitarian situation, declaring that “the adequacy and sustainability of the resources available for humanitarian response” has been called into question by the accelerating demands made by a turbulent international political climate. In addition, he also urged more comprehensive prevention and conflict-resolution measures to be initiated by State actors in order to inhibit humanitarian crises altogether.

At today’s meeting, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon echoed Mr. Guterres’ remarks, emphasizing the need to combine the efforts made by Member States on development and humanitarian issues.

“Unresolved displacement can upend a country’s path to posterity. That is why the needs and potential of displaced populations must be reflected in national development plans and based on joint analysis,” noted Mr. Ban. “There should be no separation between humanitarian and development – it’s all part of development issues.”

As he reminded the Committee to continue to ensure that the humanitarian system is “fit for purpose,” the Secretary-General also applauded UNHCR’s 10-year plan to eliminate statelessness in the world and called for “concrete action for changing nationality laws, resolving the plight of stateless people and ensuring no child is born without citizenship.”

“We must reaffirm the universality of humanitarian principles which, when respected, protect both the victims and those who came to their rescue,” he proclaimed. “We simply cannot accept the erosion of these fundamental principles – anywhere, at any time, for any reason.”

On International Day, UN encourages full participation of older persons in society

An elderly person feeds pigeons in New York City's Central Park. UN Photo/Gaston Guarda

An elderly person feeds pigeons in New York City’s Central Park. UN Photo/Gaston Guarda

1 October 2014

The United Nations today encouraged Governments and people throughout the world to ensure that older persons are able to fully participate in society and that their rights and dignity are protected.

“Older persons are making wide-ranging contributions to economic and social development,”Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in his message for International Day of Older Persons, marked annually on 1 October.

“However, discrimination and social exclusion persist. We must overcome this bias in order to ensure a socially and economically active, secure and healthy ageing population.”

There are around 700 million people aged 60 years and over, according to UN figures. The number of older people is expected to double by 2025, and reach two million by 2050.

By that year, nearly 20 per cent of the world population with be elderly, the majority of them living in less developed regions.

The steady increase in human longevity is “one of the greatest transformations and challenges of our times,” Mr. Ban said, but the failure to keep pace makes it difficult to achieve a socially and economically active, security and healthy ageing population.

“A demographic revolution is underway and we cannot afford to leave behind millions of older persons,”said the new UN independent expert on the enjoyment of all human rights by older persons, Rosa Kornfeld-Matte.

In separate statements, Mr. Ban and the special rapporteur highlighted the historic occasion to strengthen the rights of older people in the future development agenda that is now being established and will go into effect after the 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals.

“The post-2015 sustainable development agenda presents a unique opportunity to ensure a rights-based approach to older persons,” Ms. Korngeld-Matte said.

She added that the new agenda can also help change attitudes and perceptions of older persons from being considered recipients of welfare to rights holders with responsibilities.

“We can turn a blind eye to many issues as if they do not concern us. But getting old is part of life and we will all pay the price for our inaction,” the special rapporteur noted.

In a report released yesterday, the UN International Labour Organization (ILO) write that social protections must be placed at the forefront of the post-2015 development agenda.

The ILO warned in the report Social Protection for older persons: Key policy trends and statistics, that 48 per cent of the world’s pensionable population does not receive a retirement benefit while, for many of the 52 per cent who do, coverage tends to be inadequate.

In his message on the Day, ILO Director-General Guy Ryder said that ensuring adequate pensions and effective access to health and long-term care are the underpinnings of truly inclusive societies that engage and value individuals no matter their age.

“Recognizing the importance of income security in old age, many low and middle income countries have extended pension coverage to previously uncovered segments of the population in order to achieve universal coverage,” he said, adding that as a result, we see a marked increase in pension coverage rates in many countries.

Yet, Mr. Ryder noted that pension systems in many parts of the world have been under strain in the face of demographic change and fiscal consolidation policies. In some contexts, this has led to a situation where future pension levels will be unable to provide adequate protection to older persons.

“Unless effective measures are taken to ensure adequate pensions, old age poverty and economic insecurity will remain a reality for many of today’s and tomorrow’s older persons,” he cautioned.

Secretary-General’s remarks to the 65th Session of the Executive Committee of the High Commissioner for Refugees’ Programme

Geneva, Switzerland, 1 October 2014

(As Delivered)

Good morning.  Thank you for your welcome and invitation.  I am honoured to be the first Secretary-General to address the Executive Committee in almost 10 years.

Over the years, UNHCR has been bestowed with the Nobel Peace Prize — not once, but twice.  Today, you are at the centre of action and assistance for tens of millions of people in need.

I wish to pay a special tribute to the many humanitarian workers around the world who risk their lives each day to help people in need.

The commitment and passion of UNHCR is reflected in the vision and principled leadership of High Commissioner António Guterres.

And I thank the High Commissioner for your decade of delivering for UNHCR and the people it serves.  I really thank you and highly commend your leadership.

This is my first trip after a two-week very hectic General Debate in the United Nations.

For the past two weeks, I have met a succession of world leaders.  We have had many high-level meetings focused on hotspots around the world.

The agenda is always full.  The meetings are always rushed.

But there is perhaps no better place to get a snapshot of the state of the world.

I am sorry to tell you, it is not a pretty picture.

We are living in a world of many troubles.  Crises are mounting.  Our planet is warming.  And diseases are spreading.

In my annual address to the General Assembly, I highlighted a fact that you know only too well.

Never before in United Nations history have we had so many refugees, displaced people and asylum seekers.

Never before has the United Nations been asked to reach so many with emergency food assistance and other life-saving support.

Some of the challenges are on the front pages.  Others are far from the headlines.

We are troubled by and suffering from many natural calamities but most of the crises we are seeing are man-made.

In Iraq and Syria, we see new depths of barbarity with each passing day, and devastating spill-over effects across the region.

And as you highlighted this week, the continent of Africa is home to millions of refugees and internally displaced — including more than two million people forced to leave their homes this year alone.

This includes people fleeing from war and civil strife from the Central African Republic to northern Nigeria … from the Horn of Africa to the Sahel.

I thank the Executive Committee for putting the spotlight on crises that too often remain in the shadows.

The world must do more to prevent forced displacement, address its root causes, and support solutions for those affected by it. This requires greater resources and more political leadership.

It also requires unprecedented cooperation by the international community.  I have been pleased to see us pull more closely together through the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Transformative Agenda.

Across the landscape of displacement crises, there is a need for an earlier and greater focus on human rights.

The Human Rights Up Front initiative which I launched last year aims to place human rights at the centre of our thinking and our efforts in the field.

UNHCR has been a strong supporter from day one.

It helped craft the Action Plan and is assisting with implementation worldwide.

With its leadership on protection, UNHCR has provided important expertise in the context of humanitarian settings and ongoing conflict situations.

With its culture of protection, UNHCR serves as a model for the wider system.

Human Rights up Front is essentially about an attitude – about speaking up and doing what is right.

The protection of nearly 100,000 people at UN bases throughout South Sudan has been an early milestone of this new approach.

When the crisis happened in South Sudan tens of thousands of people were rushing into the United Nations compound.

You may remember 20 years ago, what that happened and all those people who sought safety in a United Nations mission, we let them go out, we released them from the mission.  As soon as they were released from the United Nations compound they were all murdered, brutally.

This time I gave instructions, in all cases, whoever was coming to the United Nations, bring them and protect them.

We have more than one hundred thousand people.  United Nations missions are not designed, are not equipped to accommodate hundreds of thousands of people.  It’s a huge challenge.

But without that open gate policy, I’m afraid to tell you that many thousands of people would have died.

That is what we call Human Rights Up Front – human rights should be put at the centre and at the front when dealing with refugees and asylum seekers.

Of course, those men, women and children are still there.  We must ensure they remain protected while at the same time finding them a durable solution.

Securing durable solutions for internally displaced persons and refugees is a joint responsibility and one that needs to be undertaken progressively.

We have learned many lessons in the field.  Now we must use what we have learned to bring together more actors to achieve common commitments.

The new Solutions Alliance is an important platform to do just that.

We know that planning for solutions must start early – in fact, during the emergency phase.

After all, unresolved displacement can upend a country’s path to peace and prosperity.

That is why the needs and potential of displaced populations must be reflected in national development plans and based on joint analysis.

The displacement challenge also remains an important issue for consideration as Member States of the United Nations continue discussions to formulate the post-2015 development agenda.
What I’d like to tell you is that refugees may be a humanitarian issue, it starts as a humanitarian issue, but it has a direct relationship with development issues.  There should be no separation between humanitarian and development – it’s all a part of development issues.

I know that your deliberations during this Executive Committee session have also focused on the challenge of statelessness.

Everyone has the right to belong, the right to a nationality.  But millions worldwide are still denied that right.

I welcome UNHCR’s plans to launch a global campaign to end statelessness in the next decade.  I call on all States to support it.

The coming years must be a time for concrete action – for changing nationality laws, resolving the plight of stateless people and ensuring no child is born without citizenship.

Statelessness, like many other human rights violations, is often rooted in discriminatory beliefs and practices.

Let us stand together against all forms of racism, xenophobia and manipulation that engender hatred, exclusion and discrimination.

And let us speak up when people are stripped of their nationality.

As we look ahead and prepare for the World Humanitarian Summit in 2016 in Istanbul, we must ask how we can ensure the humanitarian system is fit for purpose.

The focus must stay fixed on the people affected by crises and our ability to deliver the protection and relief they need.

We must find ways to be more inclusive of new humanitarian actors.

And we must reaffirm the universality of humanitarian principles which, when respected, protect both the victims and those who come to their rescue.

We simply cannot accept the erosion of these fundamental principles – anywhere, at any time, for any reason.

Finally, allow me to share a personal reason why I am so committed to your mission.

I understand something about the hardships that refugees and other displaced persons face for a simple reason:  I was one of them, I was myself one of the displaced persons during the Korean war.

When the Korean war ravaged my country as a child, my family had to run for our lives.

One of my earliest memories is fleeing with my family into the hills surrounding my village.

As we climbed in the rain and cold, I looked back on the only world I knew.

Where I had played – where I had gone to school – where I had lived with my family – all of it was in flames.

Our lives went up in smoke.

The United Nations and the international community rushed to help.  They nourished us.  They provided text-books and pens.  They helped us rebuild and gave us the power to hope again.

That is why when I go to refugee camps around the world – I carry a simple message.

“The world is with you, the United Nations is with you, do not despair, I am with you.”

I travelled,  I visited many refugee camps, Syrian refugee camps, and I was very much humbled to see them: their life was miserable in refugee camps, but I was encouraged when I saw many children. They were studying in classrooms, but these classrooms were old, makeshift classrooms, temporary.

I told them that: “Your situation is better than mine was, sixty years ago.  At that time we didn’t have even classrooms, we didn’t have text-books… but the United Nations is with you!”

UNHCR, UNICEF, UNDP, WFP, all are now taking care of all these people.

Of course it may be very difficult.  We have 51 million refugees around the world.  We have more than 3 million Syrian refugees.  So I have been trying to give them a sense of hope.

To all of them the United Nations is a beacon of hope.  As to me, to many Korean children at that time including myself, the United Nations was the beacon, the beacon  of hope.

And despite all these hardships, despite the darkness, I came through.

And I am telling them: “You will also come through these difficulties, too.  So do not despair.”

That has been my consistent message to many people in refugee camps, and many developing countries, particularly in Africa.

That is what happens when the world works together.

That is what happens when humanitarian organizations like the UNHCR are on the scene.

Once again, ladies and gentlemen, I thank you for this opportunity, for your strong commitment to humanity.

Thank you even more for rebuilding shattered lives and building a better world for all.

Thank you very much for your leadership, thank you.

Secretary-General’s message on the International Day of Older Persons

New York, 1 October 2014

Older persons are playing an increasingly significant role in society as they grow in number and as healthcare improves in some parts of the world.

The number of older persons is expected to more than double, globally, from 841 million people in 2013 to more than 2 billion in 2050. By that year, nearly 8 in 10 of the world’s older population will live in the less developed regions.

The steady increase in human longevity represents one of the greatest transformations and challenges of our time. However, failure to keep pace with changing demographic trends will make it difficult to achieve a sustainable, secure and fulfilling future for people of all ages.

Older persons make wide-ranging contributions to economic and social development.   However, discrimination and social exclusion persist. We must overcome this bias in order to ensure a socially and economically active, secure and healthy ageing population.

The post-2015 development agenda offers a historic opportunity for the United Nations and its Member States to strengthen the rights and role of older persons in society as an integral part of our commitment to “leave no one behind”.

On this International Day, I encourage governments and people everywhere to ensure the full participation of older persons in society while protecting their rights and dignity.

Secretary-General’s remarks at World Trade Organization Public Forum

Geneva, Switzerland, 1 October 2014

I am just coming from New York after a hectic two-week General Debate session, so please excuse my voice, my voice has gone down – I’ve almost lost my voice.  But I am speaking out, I use my voice to raise human rights, and for poor people and marginalized people.

I thank the World Trade Organization for bringing us all together.  It’s a great pleasure for me to be here for a second time.  I was here a few years ago.

As you have been discussing already, international trade is one of the defining activities of our era.

Goods, services and ideas are on the move as never before.

Without trade, my country Korea could not have risen from the rubble of the Korean war and become a developed country.

Without trade, China could not have achieved the impressive growth that has slashed poverty.

Wherever we look – from Indonesia to Brazil, from Australia to Europe – trade provides a path to accelerated growth and prosperity.

History has unfolded along the routes of global trade, from Timbuktu to the Silk Road.

The entrepreneurial drive is clear.

The question is not whether trade matters, but how we can make trade a better driver of equitable, sustainable development.

How can we make trade the foundation of a life of dignity for all?

In countries that trade, wealth is made – although that wealth is not always distributed equitably.

But, where trade is absent, economies cannot grow.  They stagnate.

And when trade falters, the most vulnerable are the first to pay the price.

That is why we need to promote trade that benefits as many as possible, especially women, young people and the least advantaged.

Many least developed and land-locked developing countries have yet to fully benefit from increased global trade.

We must integrate Africa, least developed and land-locked developing countries into the global economy through open, non-discriminatory and equitable trade.

This is critical to diversifying their economies and making them more stable and resilient.

Next year, Governments have three interconnected commitments — three essential deadlines.

This is going to be a very crucial year.

First, we have to accelerate the MDG process and meet the targets as much as we can.

Then Member States should define, shape the future development agenda, what we call the Sustainable Development Goals.

And by the end of December next year we must have a universal, legal, climate change agreement in place.

These are three very important responsibilities that Member States and the whole international community must meet.

Trade has a major role in this.

International trade is an essential component of an integrated effort to end poverty, ensure food security and promote economic growth.

An ounce of trade can be worth a pound of aid.

That is why Member States working on the Sustainable Development Goals have emphasized the importance of the multilateral trading system.

On the other hand, trade can have profoundly negative impacts on the environment, not least in terms of carbon emissions through the production, transport and consumption of traded goods.

Therefore, as part of the sustainable development goals, we must promote policy coherence between the economic, financial and trade systems and environmental sustainability, including the climate change agreement.

Coherence will ensure that trade rules contribute to, rather than detract from, regulations to protect the environment.

Trade can – and should — benefit everyone.

That is why the international community needs to avoid protectionism.

We need an open, fair, rules-based and development-oriented international trading regime in the spirit of the Doha Development Round.

That means correcting market distortions caused by export subsidies or import tariffs.

It means letting Least Developed Countries benefit from duty-free and quota-free exports.

And it also means addressing countries’ internal impediments to trade – such as lack of productive capacity, excessive red tape or inadequate infrastructure.

We must also work to resolve outstanding issues related to the Bali package.

We must focus on a work programme for tackling the remaining core issues in the Doha Development Agenda.

Because of the slow progress on a multilateral trade agenda, bilateral, regional and inter-regional free trade agreements have proliferated.

Where these benefit development and free trade, we should welcome them.

But we should also beware creating fragmented trade rules and undermining the consistency of the multilateral system.

That is why the United Nations fully supports the efforts of the WTO to conclude the Doha Round.

This remains the best route to fairer, development-oriented trading systems.

Throughout history, trade has joined us and lifted us.

We are now joined as never before.  And living standards have risen for an unprecedented number of people in all regions.

But we still have a long way to go to fulfil the promise of the Millennium Development Goals.

Sustainable development remains an aspiration.

And climate change is a growing threat.

If managed well, international trade can be a key driver of sustainable development.

Let us use the power of trade to improve the well-being of people everywhere while carefully managing the planet’s natural resources and ecosystems.

Let us transform the way we do business by creating an enabling environment for trade and investment that will help deliver sustainable development.

Trade matters to everyone.

Thank you.

في اليوم العالمي للقلب: منظمة الصحة العالمية تدعو إلى خفض استهلاك الملح

Photo: FAO/Balint Porneczi

Photo: FAO/Balint Porneczi

25 سبتمبر 2014

دعت منظمة الصحة العالمية الدول إلى اتخاذ الإجراء اللازم بشأن الإفراط في استخدام الملح وذلك عن طريق تنفيذ توصيات المنظمة للحد من استهلاك الصوديوم من أجل خفض عدد الناس الذين يصابون بأمراض القلب والسكتة الدماغية، وبالتالي إنقاذ أرواحهم.

وتعتبر الأمراض غير السارية، بما فيها أمراض القلب والسكتة الدماغية، من الأسباب الرئيسية للوفاة المبكرة في القرن الحادي والعشرين. وتدعم منظمة الصحة العالمية الحكومات في تنفيذ خطة العمل الدولية للحد من هذه الأمراض والتي تضم تسعة أهداف عالمية، ومنها الحد من تناول الملح بنسبة 30٪ بحلول عام 2025.

ويعتبر الملح المصدر الرئيسي للصوديوم في النظام الغذائي. كما أن 80٪ من كمية الملح تأتي من الأطعمة المعالجة مثل الخبز والجبن والصلصات المعبأة في زجاجات، واللحوم المعالجة والوجبات الجاهزة. وبالتالي يمكن أن يؤدي استهلاك الملح أو يساهم في ارتفاع التوتر وضغط الدم، وإلى زيادة كبيرة في مخاطر الإصابة بأمراض القلب والسكتة الدماغية.

وأشارت منظمة الصحة العالمية إلى أن خفض تناول الملح هو أحد أكثر الطرق فعالية لتحسين صحة السكان، وحثت صناعة الأغذية على العمل بشكل وثيق مع منظمة الصحة العالمية والحكومات الوطنية للحد تدريجيا من مستوى الملح في المنتجات الغذائية.

الأهداف الإنمائية للألفية، التحديات والفرص لتحقيقها بحلول 2015

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25 سبتمبر 2014

دعا الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة بان كي مون إلى إنهاء حشد الجهود لبلوغ ما تبقى من الأهداف الإنمائية للألفية.

جاءت هذه الدعوة بينما كان يتحدث اليوم الخميس إلى 300 من قادة العالم خلال حدث رفيع مستوى عقده الفريق المعني بحشد الدعم لتنفيذ الأهداف الإنمائية للألفية.

وأشار الأمين العام إلى أنه جنبا إلى جنب مع القادة العالميين، وشراكات مثل دحر الملاريا، قامت الأمم المتحدة برفع الوعي وحشد الموارد، والمساعدة في تشكيل السياسات. ولكنه أضاف:

“حولت الأهداف الإنمائية للألفية حياة ملايين الناس. هناك عدد أقل من الناس يعانون من الفقر، والمزيد من الأطفال في المدرسة. نحن نحرز نجاحات في مجال مكافحة الملاريا والسل. الأسر والمجتمعات لديها إمكانية أكبر للوصول إلى مصدر محسن لمياه الشرب. ولكن يجب علينا بذل المزيد من الجهد لبلوغ أهدافنا حول الجوع وسوء التغذية المزمنة لدى الأطفال. هناك حاجة إلى إحراز تقدم أسرع لتلبية أهداف خفض وفيات الأطفال والأمهات وتحسين فرص الحصول على خدمات الصرف الصحي.”

ومع بقاء 462 يوما على بلوغ الموعد المحدد، دعا الأمين إلى الدعم الكامل على جبهتين مهمتين، ألا وهما تسريع التقدم نحو تحقيق الأهداف الإنمائية للألفية، والاستعداد لمرحلة ما بعد عام 2015، قائلا إن هناك حاجة إلى وضع إطار عمل قوي وجدول أعمال طموح للتنمية المستدامة يتطلب التنسيق الفعال ومساهمة جميع الشركاء في التنمية.

يوم البحرية العالمي 2014: المغرب يستضيف مؤتمر المنظمة البحرية الدولية

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25 سبتمبر 2014

تتنافس العديد من الدول لاستضافة هذا الحدث العالمي والذي تم تنظيمه خلال السنوات الخمس الأخيرة في كل من الولايات المتحدة، وإيطاليا، والأرجنتين، والبحرين، وبيرو.

وقد اختير موضوع هذا العام لتسليط الضوء على معاهدات المنظمة البحرية الدولية التي لم تدخل حيز التنفيذ والمعاهدات التي لم تصدق عليها بعض الدول بالإضافة إلى التنفيذ الفعال للمعاهدات من أجل الحصول على نتائج مميزة.

وسينظم المغرب هذه الفعالية الموازية لعام 2014 والتي سيتم الاحتفاء بها بمدينة طنجة بالمغرب في الفترة بين 27 و 29 تشرين الأول/أكتوبر 2014.

وسيتم التركيز على التنفيذ الفعال لاتفاقيات المنظمة البحرية الدولية وفرص الاستثمار والشراكة وتنمية قطاع الشحن البحري، والخدمات البحرية على الصعيد الدولي.

وتم الإعلان عن اليوم العالمي للبحر سنة 2005 إثر قرار أُمَمي وتوصية صادرة عن المنظمة البحرية الدولية.

وسيشهد هذا الحدث تقديماً للتراث والإمكانيات البحرية التي يزخر بها المغرب؛ كما أن هذه المناسبة ستشكل فرصة للتعريف بالمرافق والموانئ البحرية لطنجة التي يلتقي فيها المتوسط بالمحيط الأطلسي عبر مضيق جبل طارق.

وستشارك منظمات حكومية وغير حكومية دولية وإقليمية منها الصندوق الدولي للتعويض عن الأضرار الناجمة عن التلوث والاتحاد من أجل المتوسط وجامعة الدول العربية والمفوضية الأوروبية.

As development goals near deadline, Ban urges global leaders to ‘finish the job’

09-25-eight-mdg

25 September 2014

Great gains have been made in the global effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, known worldwide as the “MDGs,” but with the deadline fast approaching more must be done to fully meet the targets set for 2015 and beyond,Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today.

In his remarks to a gathering of 300 global leaders convened by the MDG Advocacy Group, Mr. Ban applauded the successes made so far in pushing forward with the Goals and in having “raised awareness, mobilized resources, and helped shape policy.”

“The MDGs have transformed the lives of millions of people,” he told delegates at the gathering, which was held on the margins of the General Assembly’s annual high-level debate.

The meeting, organized by the MDG Advocacy Group, a body of global leaders and eminent personalities assembled by the Secretary-General to promote the implementation of the Goals, also marked the release of the Group’s latest report – Accelerating Action: Global Leaders on Challenges and Opportunities for MDG Achievement – which confirms the strides made so far.

The eight MDGs, agreed by world leaders at a UN summit in 2000, are described as a 15-year roadmap to fight poverty, hunger and disease, protect the environment and expand education, basic health and women’s empowerment.

According to the new report, in fact, the past two decades has seen the likelihood of a child dying before the age of five nearly reduced by half while the maternal mortality ratio has dropped by 45 per cent. At the same time, antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected people has saved an estimated 6.6 million lives and another estimated 3.3 million people were saved from malaria due to the diffusion of major preventions such as bed nets and treatments. Efforts to fight tuberculosis, meanwhile, have saved an estimated 22 million lives.

“Fewer people are in poverty. More children are in school. We are making inroads in the fight against malaria and tuberculosis. Families and communities have greater access to an improved drinking water source,” the Secretary-General noted.

With 462 days remaining until the MDG deadline, the report strikes an optimistic note, adding that with many of the Goals already met – including the reduction of poverty, increasing access to clean drinking water, improving the lives of slum dwellers, and achieving gender parity in schools – many more targets are also within reach by the end of 2015.

But, Mr. Ban warned, much more remained to be done in order to “finish the job.”

“We must do more to finish our targets on hunger and chronic child malnutrition. Faster progress is needed to meet the goals of reducing child and maternal mortality and to improve access to sanitation,” he continued.

The Secretary-General urged delegates to help focus on what he described as “two critical fronts” in the battle towards realizing the Goals: accelerating progress towards meeting the MDGs and preparing for a post-2015 world.

“We need a strong successor framework in place,” affirmed Mr. Ban. “Building mechanisms for effective partnerships and multi-stakeholder accountability will be critical to the success of the post-2015 development agenda.”